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Experimental Studies of Igneous Rock Series: A Zoned Pluton in the Wallowa Batholith, Oregon

Piwinskii, A. J. and Wyllie, P. J. (1968) Experimental Studies of Igneous Rock Series: A Zoned Pluton in the Wallowa Batholith, Oregon. Journal of Geology, 76 (2). pp. 205-234. ISSN 0022-1376. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160122-101813867

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Abstract

The phase relationships of five analyzed granodiorites and tonalites from the zoned Needle Point Pluton of the Wallowa Batholith, Oregon, supplied by W. H. Taubeneck, have been determined in the presence of 15-25 weight per cent H_2O at pressures to 3 kb. Pressure-temperature curves were located for the beginning of melting and for the disappearance of K-feldspar, quartz, plagioclase, biotite, and hornblende. For two specimens, a granodiorite and a tonalite, the melting behavior at 2 kb. pressure was determined in more detail with approximate point counts of crushed fragments. Representative results are: granodiorite (Differentiation Index [D.I.] 76) melting begins at 705° C., K-feldspar disappears at 710° C., quartz disappears at 735° C.; tonalite (D.I. 55) melting begins at 725° C., the trace of K-feldspar disappears at the same temperature, quartz disappears at 755° C. In both rocks, calcic plagioclase, amphibole, and opaque minerals remain at 900° C. The hornblende becomes unstable at a slightly higher temperature and passes into the melt phase. Forty-seven per cent of the granodiorite melts between 705° and 730° C., and 55 per cent melts at 900° C. Twenty-nine per cent of the tonalite melts between 730° and 800° C., and 32 per cent melts at 900° C. At 900° C., the approximate plagioclase content of the granodiorite is 27 per cent, and of the tonalite 40 per cent; the glass in each rock has a refractive index of 1.510 ± 0.002. The experimental conditions (excess H_2O; f_(O_2) not controlled) prohibit detailed comparison with the natural occurrences. However, the persistence of calcic plagioclase and hornblende in abundance at 900° C. at 2 kb. pressure indicates that if these rocks were formed by anatexis, then either high temperatures are required at the base of the crust or the magmas consisted of a eutectic-type granite liquid with suspended crystals. The high liquidus temperatures suggest that gabbroic magma may be involved in the development of magmas of intermediate composition in batholiths.


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Additional Information:© 1968 University of Chicago Press. Manuscript received June 29, 1967; revised August 28, 1967. We wish to thank W. H. Taubeneck for his most willing co-operation and generosity, not only in providing all the rock samples employed in this study but also for placing at our disposal much unpublished field data. C. W. Burnham and N. F. Davis very kindly performed some runs in an internally heated pressure vessel. We have benefited from technical assistance and stimulating discussions provided by many colleagues at the Pennsylvania State University and at the University of Chicago. The manuscript was critically reviewed for us by A. L. Boettcher and R. C. Newton. The research, begun at the Pennsylvania State University, was supported by National Science Foundation grant GP-3440. Continued work at the University of Chicago was supported by National Science Foundation grant GA-923. Financial support for A. J. Piwinskii at the University of Chicago was provided by Advanced Research Projects Agency grant SD-89 and by a Fanny and John Hertz Foundation Fellowship.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFGP-3440
NSFGA-923
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)SD-89
Fannie and John Hertz FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160122-101813867
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160122-101813867
Official Citation:Piwinskii, A. J., and P. J. Wyllie. “Experimental Studies of Igneous Rock Series: A Zoned Pluton in the Wallowa Batholith, Oregon”. The Journal of Geology 76.2 (1968): 205–234
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:63886
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Jan 2016 20:32
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:32

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