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High CO_2 solubilities in mantle magmas

Wyllie, Peter J. and Huang, W. L. (1976) High CO_2 solubilities in mantle magmas. Geology, 4 (1). pp. 21-24. ISSN 0091-7613. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1976)4<21:HCSIMM>2.0.CO;2.

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Phase diagrams for the assemblage forsterite+enstatite+CO_2 in MgO-SiO_2-CO_2 show that a subsolidus carbonation reaction intersects the solidus near 44 kb–1530°C and stabilizes the carbonate molecule in the liquid, causing CO_2 solubility to increase from about 5 to 10 wt percent to about 40 wt percent. A similar increase occurs in the system CaO-MgO-SiO_2-CO_2 near 25 kb–1200°C for the liquid coexisting with forsterite+orthopyroxene+ clinopyroxene. The CO_2 solubility in diopside and enstatite liquids remains relatively low, because these are not involved in carbonation reactions at this pressure. This accounts for contrasted CO_2 solubilities in silicate melts reported in recent experimental studies. Magmas generated in a CO_2-bearing mantle below a depth of 80 km may contain up to 40 wt percent dissolved CO_2. CO_2-rich, SiO_2-undersaturated magmas can coexist with mantle peridotite through a wide temperature range. These could represent either primary carbonatite and kimberlite magmas or the carbonated alkali ultrabasic magmas cited by many petrologists as parents for the derivation of continental volcanic and plutonic associations of highly alkalic rocks.

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Alternate Title:High CO2 solubilities in mantle magmas
Additional Information:© 1976 by the Geological Society of America. Received September 29, 1975; Accepted November 7, 1975. Reviewed by J. R. Goldsmith and J. V. Smith. Supported by grant GA 41730 of the Earth Sciences Section, National Science Foundation. We acknowledge also the general support of the Materials Research Laboratory by the National Science Foundation.
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NSFGA 41730
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Official Citation:Peter J. Wyllie and W. L. Huang High CO2 solubilities in mantle magmas Geology, January, 1976, v. 4, p. 21-24, doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1976)4<21:HCSIMM>2.0.CO;2
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64094
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:29 Jan 2016 19:47
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 23:25

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