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Peridotite–CO_2–H_2O, and carbonatitic liquids in the upper asthenosphere

Wyllie, Peter J. (1977) Peridotite–CO_2–H_2O, and carbonatitic liquids in the upper asthenosphere. Nature, 266 (5597). pp. 45-47. ISSN 0028-0836. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160202-155926046

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Abstract

The recent discovery that CO_2 at upper mantle pressures has a dramatic effect on the melting temperature of peridotite (because the silicate assemblage becomes carbonated), and on the composition of near-solid us liquid, has petrological and geophysical implications that have been explored extensively. The influence of H_2O has received only passing reference, probably because it was tacitly assumed that this would modify the carbonate-dominated melting relationships significantly. I describe here construction of a schematic diagram for the system peridotite–CO_2–H_2O which shows that the carbonate can persist even in the presence of vapours with high H_2O/CO_2 Figure 1 shows that starting with peridotite–H2O at high pressures, a small addition of CO_2 is sufficient for the generation of carbonate. This leads to the unexpected conclusion that many of the applications deduced for the melting of carbonated peridotite may remain valid with vapours enriched in H_2O/CO_2 In particular, the interstitial liquid in the upper part of the seismic low-velocity zone may be carbonatitic even with H_2O present as a component.


Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/266045a0DOIArticle
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v266/n5597/abs/266045a0.htmlPublisherArticle
Alternate Title:Peridotite–CO2–H2O, and carbonatitic liquids in the upper asthenosphere
Additional Information:© 1977 Nature Publishing Group.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160202-155926046
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160202-155926046
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64175
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 00:57
Last Modified:03 Feb 2016 00:57

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