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Gamma rays from the quasar PKS 1441+25: story of an escape

Abeysekara, A. U. and Archambault, S. and Archer, A. and Aune, T. and Barnacka, A. and Benbow, W. and Bird, R. and Biteau, J. and Buckley, J. H. and Bugaev, V. and Cardenzana, J. V. and Cerruti, M. and Chen, X. and Christiansen, J. L. and Ciupik, L. and Connolly, M. P. and Coppi, P. and Cui, W. and Dickinson, H. J. and Dumm, J. and Eisch, J. D. and Errando, M. and Falcone, A. and Feng, Q. and Finley, J. P. and Fleischhack, H. and Flinders, A. and Fortin, P. and Fortson, L. and Furniss, A. and Gillanders, G. H. and Griffin, S. and Grube, J. and Gyuk, G. and Hütten, M. and Håkansson, N. and Hanna, D. and Holder, J. and Humensky, T. B. and Johnson, C. A. and Kaaret, P. and Kar, P. and Kelley-Hoskins, N. and Khassen, Y. and Kieda, D. and Krause, M. and Krennrich, F. and Kumar, S. and Lang, M. J. and Maier, G. and McArthur, S. and McCann, A. and Meagher, K. and Moriarty, P. and Mukherjee, R. and Nieto, D. and O’Faoláin de Bhróithe, A. and Ong, R. A. and Otte, A. N. and Park, N. and Perkins, J. S. and Petrashyk, A. and Pohl, M. and Popkow, A. and Pueschel, E. and Quinn, J. and Ragan, K. and Ratliff, G. and Reynolds, P. T. and Richards, G. T. and Roache, E. and Rousselle, J. and Santander, M. and Sembroski, G. H. and Shahinyan, K. and Smith, A. W. and Staszak, D. and Telezhinsky, I. and Todd, N. W. and Tucci, J. V. and Tyler, J. and Vassiliev, V. V. and Vincent, S. and Wakely, S. P. and Weiner, O. M. and Weinstein, A. and Wilhelm, A. and Williams, D. A. and Zitzer, B. and Smith, P. S. and Holoien, T. W.-S. and Prieto, J. L. and Kochanek, C. S. and Stanek, K. Z. and Shappee, B. J. and Hovatta, T. and Max-Moerbeck, W. and Pearson, T. J. and Reeves, R. A. and Richards, J. L. and Readhead, A. C. S. and Madejski, G. M. and Djorgovski, S. G. and Drake, A. J. and Graham, M. J. and Mahabal, A. (2015) Gamma rays from the quasar PKS 1441+25: story of an escape. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 815 (2). Art. No. L22. ISSN 2041-8205. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/815/2/L22.

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Outbursts from gamma-ray quasars provide insights on the relativistic jets of active galactic nuclei and constraints on the diffuse radiation fields that fill the Universe. The detection of significant emission above 100 GeV from a distant quasar would show that some of the radiated gamma rays escape pair-production interactions with low-energy photons, be it the extragalactic background light (EBL), or the radiation near the supermassive black hole lying at the jet's base. VERITAS detected gamma-ray emission up to 200 GeV from PKS 1441+25 (z=0.939) during April 2015, a period of high activity across all wavelengths. This observation of PKS 1441+25 suggests that the emission region is located thousands of Schwarzschild radii away from the black hole. The gamma-ray detection also sets a stringent upper limit on the near-ultraviolet to near-infrared EBL intensity, suggesting that galaxy surveys have resolved most, if not all, of the sources of the EBL at these wavelengths.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Bird, R.0000-0002-4596-8563
Cerruti, M.0000-0001-7891-699X
Christiansen, J. L.0000-0002-8035-4778
Cui, W.0000-0002-6324-5772
Dickinson, H. J.0000-0003-0475-008X
Errando, M.0000-0002-1853-863X
Fortson, L.0000-0002-1067-8558
Hütten, M.0000-0002-2133-5251
Kaaret, P.0000-0002-3638-0637
Krause, M.0000-0001-7595-0914
Lang, M. J.0000-0003-4641-4201
Maier, G.0000-0001-9868-4700
McCann, A.0000-0002-5221-6669
Meagher, K.0000-0003-3967-1533
Nieto, D.0000-0003-3343-0755
Otte, A. N.0000-0002-5955-6383
Pohl, M.0000-0001-7861-1707
Pueschel, E.0000-0002-0529-1973
Quinn, J.0000-0002-4855-2694
Santander, M.0000-0001-7297-8217
Weinstein, A.0000-0002-2126-2419
Holoien, T. W.-S.0000-0001-9206-3460
Prieto, J. L.0000-0003-1072-2712
Kochanek, C. S.0000-0001-6017-2961
Shappee, B. J.0000-0003-4631-1149
Hovatta, T.0000-0002-2024-8199
Max-Moerbeck, W.0000-0002-5491-5244
Pearson, T. J.0000-0001-5213-6231
Reeves, R. A.0000-0001-5704-271X
Readhead, A. C. S.0000-0001-9152-961X
Djorgovski, S. G.0000-0002-0603-3087
Graham, M. J.0000-0002-3168-0139
Mahabal, A.0000-0003-2242-0244
Additional Information:© 2015. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2015 August 10; accepted 2015 November 17; published 2015 December 15. This research is supported by grants from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, the U.S. National Science Foundation and the Smithsonian Institution, and by NSERC in Canada, with additional support from NASA Swift GI grant NNX15AR38G. We acknowledge the excellent work of the technical support staff at the Fred Lawrence Whipple Observatory and at the collaborating institutions in the construction and operation of the instrument. The VERITAS Collaboration is grateful to Trevor Weekes for his seminal contributions and leadership in the field of VHE gamma-ray astrophysics, which made this study possible. ASAS-SN thanks LCOGT, NSF, Mt. Cuba Astronomical Foundation, OSU/CCAPP and MAS/Chile for their support. The observations at Steward Observatory are funded through NASA Fermi GI grant NNX12AO93G. CRTS is supported by the NSF grants AST-1313422 and AST-1413600. The OVRO 40-m monitoring program is supported in part by NASA grants NNX08AW31G and NNX11A043G, and NSF grants AST-0808050 and AST-1109911. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of NSF operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc. This research has made use of data from the MOJAVE database that is maintained by the MOJAVE team (Lister et al. 2009).
Group:NuSTAR, Space Radiation Laboratory, Owens Valley Radio Observatory (OVRO)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Smithsonian InstitutionUNSPECIFIED
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)UNSPECIFIED
Associated Universities, IncUNSPECIFIED
Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope NetworkUNSPECIFIED
Mt. Cuba Astronomical FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Instituto Milenio de Astrofísica (MAS)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:cosmology: observations; diffuse radiation; gamma rays: galaxies; quasars: individual (PKS 1441+25&VER J1443+250) ; radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160203-120802229
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:A. U. Abeysekara et al 2015 ApJ 815 L22
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64197
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 20:53
Last Modified:09 Apr 2021 23:41

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