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Phase relationships in the join grossularite-pyrope-7.5% H_2O at 30 KB

Sekine, Toshimori and Wyllie, Peter J. (1983) Phase relationships in the join grossularite-pyrope-7.5% H_2O at 30 KB. American Journal of Science, 283 (5). pp. 435-453. ISSN 0002-9599. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160209-152837195

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Abstract

Experiments were conducted in piston-cylinder apparatus using gels with added H_2O between 900° and 1525°C. The synthesis results were checked by two-stage reversal runs. Compositions of garnet (Ga) and clinopyroxene (Cpx) solid solutions were measured by microprobe. With 7.5 percent H_2O, pyrope (Py) melts incongruently producing spinel (Sp), and grossularite (Gr) melts congruently, with brackets 1500° to 1525°C and 1300° to 1325°C, respectively. A field for Cpx + L has temperature maximum on the liquidus at 1380°C, very near the composition Gr_2Py_1 where the join diopside-Ca-Tscherrnak's molecule (Di-CaTs) crosses the garnet join (33.3 mole percent Py). This field is bounded by two liquidus piercing points for the coexistence of Ga + Cpx + L with liquid compositions and temperatures of 25 mole percent Py-1275°C and 48 mole percent Py-1295°C. The Cpx field is bounded with decreasing temperature by a reaction interval for Cpx + Ga+ L and terminated at 1110°C by the reaction: Cpx_(ss) + L = Gr_(ss). At lower temperatures, solid solution in garnets is continuous from grossularite to pyrope. The compositions of clinopyroxenes coexisting with liquid are near Gr_2Py_1 : with decreasing temperature the Al_2O_3 content increases, and for bulk compositions richer in MgO the Cpx is enriched in enstatite (En) component. As Cpx reacts to produce Ga with decreasing temperature, the clinopyroxene component En decreases, and CaTs increases. The results obtained with 7.5 percent H_2O present are compared in detail with the few previous studies in the dry system at 30 kb.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.2475/ajs.283.5.435DOIArticle
http://www.ajsonline.org/content/283/5/435.citationPublisherArticle
Alternate Title:Phase relationships in the join grossularite-pyrope-7.5% H2O at 30 KB
Additional Information:© 1983 American Journal of Science. This research was supported by the Earth Sciences Section of the National Science Foundation, grant EAR 76-20413.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR 76-20413
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160209-152837195
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160209-152837195
Official Citation:Toshimori Sekine and Peter J. Wyllie Phase relationships in the join grossularite--pyrope--7.5% H 2 O at 30 KB Am J Sci May 1, 1983 283:435-453; doi:10.2475/ajs.283.5.435
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64348
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Feb 2016 00:01
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:37

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