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Infectious RNA Transcripts from Ross River Virus cDNA Clones and the Construction and Characterization of Defined Chimeras with Sindbis Virus

Kuhn, Richard J. and Niesters, Hubert G. M. and Hong, Zhang and Strauss, James H. (1991) Infectious RNA Transcripts from Ross River Virus cDNA Clones and the Construction and Characterization of Defined Chimeras with Sindbis Virus. Virology, 182 (2). pp. 430-441. ISSN 0042-6822. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160222-154455299

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Abstract

We have constructed a full-length cDNA clone of the virulent T48 strain of Ross River virus, a member of the alphavirus genus. Infectious RNA can be transcribed from this clone using SP6 or T7 RNA polymerase. The rescued virus has properties indistinguishable from those of the T48 strain of Ross River virus. We have used this clone, together with a full-length cDNA clone of Sindbis virus, to construct chimeric plasmids in which the 5’ and the 3’ nontranslated regions of the Sindbis and Ross River genomes were exchanged. The nontranslated regions of the two viral genomes differ in both size and sequence although they maintain specific conserved sequence elements. Virus was recovered from all four chimeras. Chimeras containing heterologous 3’ nontranslated regions had replicative efficiencies equal to those of the parents. In contrast, the chimeras containing heterologous 5’ nontranslated regions were defective in RNA synthesis and virus production, and the severity of the defect was dependent upon the host. Replication of a virus containing a heterologous 5’ nontranslated region may be inefficient due to the formation of defective protein-RNA complexes, whereas, the presumptive complexes formed between host or virus proteins and the 3’ nontranslated region to promote RNA synthesis appear to function normally in the chimeras.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(91)90584-XDOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/004268229190584XPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1991 Academic Press, Inc. Received December 20, 1990; accepted February 12, 1991. We thank Frank Preugschat and Ellen Strauss for stimulating discussions. We also thank Ellen Strauss for critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported by Grant DMB-8617372 from the National Science Foundation and by Grants AI 10793 and AI 20712 from the National Institutes of Health. R.J.K. was a recipient of a U.S. Public Health Service Individual National Research Service Award (AI07869) from the National Institutes of Health. H.G.M.N. was supported in part by a fellowship grant from the Niels Stensen Foundation, a Gosney Fellowship from CIT, and a travel grant from The Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFDMB-8617372
NIHAl 10793
NIHAl 20712
NIHAI 07869
Niels Stensen Foundation (NSS)UNSPECIFIED
Caltech Gosney FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Zuiver-Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (ZWO)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160222-154455299
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160222-154455299
Official Citation:Richard J. Kuhn, Hubert G.M. Niesters, Zhang Hong, James H. Strauss, Infectious RNA transcripts from ross river virus cDNA clones and the construction and characterization of defined chimeras with sindbis virus, Virology, Volume 182, Issue 2, June 1991, Pages 430-441, ISSN 0042-6822, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0042-6822(91)90584-X. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/004268229190584X)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64660
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Donna Wrublewski
Deposited On:23 Feb 2016 00:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:40

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