A Caltech Library Service

Propagation of acoustic-gravity waves in the atmosphere

Press, Frank and Harkrider, David (1962) Propagation of acoustic-gravity waves in the atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 67 (10). pp. 3889-3908. ISSN 0148-0227. doi:10.1029/JZ067i010p03889.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


Homogeneous wave guide theory is used to derive dispersion curves, vertical pressure distributions, and synthetic barograms for atmospheric waves. A complicated mode structure is found involving both gravity and acoustic waves. Various models of the atmosphere are studied to explore seasonal and geographic effects on pulse propagation. The influence of different zones in the atmosphere on the character of the barograms is studied. It is found that the first arriving waves are controlled by the properties of the lower atmospheric channel. Comparison of theoretical results and experimental data from large thermonuclear explosions is made in the time and frequency domains, and the following conclusions are reached: (1) The major features on barograms are due to dispersion; (2) superposition of several modes is needed to explain observed features; (3) scatter of data outside the range permitted by extreme atmospheric models shows the influence of winds for A1; wind effects and higher modes are less important for A_2 waves. A discussion is included on atmospheric terminations and how these affect dispersion curves.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 1962 American Geophysical Union. Manuscript received May 25, 1962. We are grateful to Professor Alfred B. Focke of Harvey Mudd College for making his Claremont barograms available to us; Dr. A. N. Tandon of the Government of India Meteorological Department lent us the Delhi records. The Mercury, Nevada, recordings came to us through the courtesy of Dr. J. W. Reed of the Sandia Corporation. Dr. Harry Wexler of the U.S. Weather Bureau made many materials available to us. Drs. W. Donn and M. Ewing kindly made their data available to us in advance of publication. This research was supported by contract AF-49(638)910 of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research as part of the Advanced Research Projects Agency project Vela.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)AF-49(638)910
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), project VelaUNSPECIFIED
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Caltech Division of Geological Sciences1086
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160224-082257812
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Press, F., and D. Harkrider (1962), Propagation of acoustic-gravity waves in the atmosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 67(10), 3889–3908, doi:10.1029/JZ067i010p03889
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64720
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:24 Feb 2016 17:57
Last Modified:22 May 2023 21:46

Repository Staff Only: item control page