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Thermally Tunable Dual Emission of the d^8–d^8 Dimer [Pt_2(μ-P_2O_5(BF_2)_2)_4]^(4–)

Hofbeck, Thomas and Lam, Yan Choi and Kalbáč, Martin and Záliš, Stanislav and Vlček, Antonín, Jr. and Yersin, Hartmut (2016) Thermally Tunable Dual Emission of the d^8–d^8 Dimer [Pt_2(μ-P_2O_5(BF_2)_2)_4]^(4–). Inorganic Chemistry, 55 (5). pp. 2441-2449. ISSN 0020-1669. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160301-121141487

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Abstract

High-resolution fluorescence, phosphorescence, as well as related excitation spectra, and, in particular, the emission decay behavior of solid [Bu_4N]_4[Pt_2(μ-P_2O_5(BF_2)_2)_4], abbreviated Pt(pop-BF_2), have been investigated over a wide temperature range, 1.3–310 K. We focus on the lowest excited states that result from dσ^*pσ (5d_z2–6p_z) excitations, i.e., the singlet state S_1 (of ^1A_2u symmetry in D_(4h)) and the lowest triplet T_1, which splits into spin–orbit substates A_(1u)(^3A_(2u)) and E_u(^3A_(2u)). After optical excitation, an unusually slow intersystem crossing (ISC) is observed. As a consequence, the compound shows efficient dual emission, consisting of blue fluorescence and green phosphorescence with an overall emission quantum yield of ∼100% over the investigated temperature range. Our investigation sheds light on this extraordinary dual emission behavior, which is unique for a heavy-atom transition metal compound. Direct ISC processes in Pt(pop-BF_2) are largely forbidden due to spin-, symmetry-, and Franck–Condon overlap-restrictions and, therefore, the ISC time is as long as 29 ns for T < 100 K. With temperature increase, two different thermally activated pathways, albeit still relatively slow, are promoted by spin-vibronic and vibronic mechanisms, respectively. Thus, distinct temperature dependence of the ISC processes results and, as a consequence, also of the fluorescence/phosphorescence intensity ratio. The phosphorescence lifetime also is temperature-dependent, reflecting the relative population of the triplet T_1 substates E_u and A_(1u). The highly resolved phosphorescence shows a ∼220 cm^(–1) red shift below 10 K, attributable to zero-field splitting of 40 cm^(–1) plus a promoting vibration of 180 cm^(–1).


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02839DOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02839PublisherArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02839PublisherSupporting Information
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Lam, Yan Choi0000-0001-7809-4471
Additional Information:© 2016 American Chemical Society. Received: December 7, 2015. Publication Date (Web): February 24, 2016. T.H. and H.Y. acknowledge the financial support of the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Bavaria California Technology Center (BaCaTeC) for a travel grant. Further financial support was provided by the Ministry of Education of the Czech Republic grants LH13015 and LD14129, the NSF CCI Solar Fuels Program (CHE-1305124), the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Foundation, and the COST Action CM1202. M.K. acknowledges the financial support of the MSMT ERC CZ project (LL1301). We thank Capano Gloria, Ivano Tavernelli, and Majed Chergui (EPFL, Switzerland) as well as Jay. R. Winkler and Harry B. Gray (Caltech) for interesting discussions on intersystem crossing mechanisms, spectroscopy, and photophysics. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Group:CCI Solar Fuels
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)UNSPECIFIED
Bavaria California Technology Center (BaCaTeC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Education (Czech Republic)LH13015
Ministry of Education (Czech Republic)LD14129
NSFCHE-1305124
Arnold and Mabel Beckman FoundationUNSPECIFIED
EU Framework Programme Horizon 2020CM1202
Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports (MEYS)LL1301
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160301-121141487
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160301-121141487
Official Citation:Thermally Tunable Dual Emission of the d8–d8 Dimer [Pt2(μ-P2O5(BF2)2)4]4– Thomas Hofbeck, Yan Choi Lam, Martin Kalbáč, Stanislav Záliš, Antonín Vlček, Jr., and Hartmut Yersin Inorganic Chemistry 2016 55 (5), 2441-2449 DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02839
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:64912
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:01 Mar 2016 21:22
Last Modified:20 Sep 2017 22:04

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