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Stratocumulus Cloud Clearings and Notable Thermodynamic and Aerosol Contrasts across the Clear–Cloudy Interface

Crosbie, Ewan and Wang, Zhen and Sorooshian, Armin and Chuang, Patrick Y. and Craven, Jill S. and Coggon, Matthew M. and Brunke, Michael and Zeng, Xubin and Jonsson, Haflidi and Woods, Roy K. and Flagan, Richard C. and Seinfeld, John H. (2016) Stratocumulus Cloud Clearings and Notable Thermodynamic and Aerosol Contrasts across the Clear–Cloudy Interface. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 73 (3). pp. 1083-1099. ISSN 0022-4928. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0137.1. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160314-082627109

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Abstract

Data from three research flights, conducted over water near the California coast, are used to investigate the boundary between stratocumulus cloud decks and clearings of different sizes. Large clearings exhibit a diurnal cycle with growth during the day and contraction overnight and a multiday life cycle that can include oscillations between growth and decay, whereas a small coastal clearing was observed to be locally confined with a subdiurnal lifetime. Subcloud aerosol characteristics are similar on both sides of the clear–cloudy boundary in the three cases, while meteorological properties exhibit subtle, yet important, gradients, implying that dynamics, and not microphysics, is the primary driver for the clearing characteristics. Transects, made at multiple levels across the cloud boundary during one flight, highlight the importance of microscale (~1 km) structure in thermodynamic properties near the cloud edge, suggesting that dynamic forcing at length scales comparable to the convective eddy scale may be influential to the larger-scale characteristics of the clearing. These results have implications for modeling and observational studies of marine boundary layer clouds, especially in relation to aerosol–cloud interactions and scales of variability responsible for the evolution of stratocumulus clearings.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-15-0137.1DOIArticle
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAS-D-15-0137.1PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Crosbie, Ewan0000-0002-8895-8066
Wang, Zhen0000-0002-7921-3134
Sorooshian, Armin0000-0002-2243-2264
Chuang, Patrick Y.0000-0003-2290-8346
Coggon, Matthew M.0000-0002-5763-1925
Zeng, Xubin0000-0001-7352-2764
Jonsson, Haflidi0000-0003-3043-1074
Woods, Roy K.0000-0002-3632-6374
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 2016 American Meteorological Society. Manuscript received 18 May 2015, in final form 26 November 2015. All data used can be obtained from the corresponding author. This work was funded by NASA Grant NNX14AM02G and ONR Grants N00014-11-1-0783, N00014-10-1-0200, and N00014-10-1-0811. JSC acknowledges support from Dreyfus Award EP-11-117. The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport and dispersion model and READY website (http://ready.arl.noaa.gov) used in this publication. Some of the analyses and visualizations used in this study were produced with the Giovanni online data system, developed and maintained by the NASA GES DISC.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANNX14AM02G
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-11-1-0783
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-10-1-0200
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-10-1-0811
Camille and Henry Dreyfus FoundationEP-11-117
Subject Keywords:Geographic location/entity, North Pacific Ocean, Atm/Ocean Structure/ Phenomena, Boundary layer, Cloud cover, Physical Meteorology and Climatology, Aerosols, Thermodynamics, Observational techniques and algorithms, Aircraft observations
Issue or Number:3
DOI:10.1175/JAS-D-15-0137.1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160314-082627109
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160314-082627109
Official Citation:Ewan Crosbie, Zhen Wang, Armin Sorooshian, Patrick Y. Chuang, Jill S. Craven, Matthew M. Coggon, Michael Brunke, Xubin Zeng, Haflidi Jonsson, Roy K. Woods, Richard C. Flagan, and John H. Seinfeld, 2016: Stratocumulus cloud clearings and notable thermodynamic and aerosol contrasts across the clear–cloudy interface. J. Atmos. Sci., 73, 1083–1099. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JAS-D-15-0137.1
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:65326
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:14 Mar 2016 18:32
Last Modified:10 Nov 2021 23:44

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