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Rapid discovery of peptidomimetics as antibody alternatives via epitope-targeted screening

Liang, Jing Xin and Nag, Arundhati and Das, Samir and Bunck, David and Umeda, Aiko and McCarthy, Amy and Mishra, Anvita and Heath, John and Heath, James (2016) Rapid discovery of peptidomimetics as antibody alternatives via epitope-targeted screening. In: 251st American Chemical Society National Meeting & Exposition, March 13-17, 2016, San Diego, CA. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160404-113003421

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Abstract

We report on the development of peptide-based ligands as antibody alternatives for protein recognition. In the developing world, antibody(Ab)-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the preferred method of disease detection for their ease-of-use and low cost relative to techniques such as microscopy and PCR. However, the performance and reliability of RDTs to detect biomarkers are severely hindered by the limitations of Abs. Abs are expensive biomols. that have batch-to-batch variability, exhibit cross-reactivity, and target a single site on a protein. As a result, Abs cannot always sensitively distinguish between disease biomarkers or detect highly polymorphic proteins. Peptide-based ligands are low-cost alternatives to Abs that can be engineered to bind specific protein targets with high affinity. They can be adapted to simultaneously target multiple epitopes, distinguish between homologous structures, and detect proteins with high sequence diversity. We employ a high throughput epitope-targeted screening protocol with combinatorial peptide libraries to rapidly discover ligands for protein recognition. We apply our peptide-based ligands as biosensors towards challenging protein targets for the development of Ab-free RDTs.


Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/meetings/spring-2016.htmlOrganizationConference Website
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Heath, James0000-0001-5356-4385
Additional Information:© 2016 American Chemical Society.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160404-113003421
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160404-113003421
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:65893
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Apr 2016 18:46
Last Modified:15 Mar 2017 18:05

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