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Conditions for melting and metasomatism in the Earth's mantle

Wyllie, Peter J. (1984) Conditions for melting and metasomatism in the Earth's mantle. In: Petrology: Igneous and metamorphic rocks. Proceedings of the 27th International Geological Congress. No.9. VNU Science Press , Utrecht, The Netherlands, pp. 581-604. ISBN 9067640093. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160406-152621343

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Abstract

If we know the compositions of mantle rocks at various depths, and the geotherm in different tectonic environments, then the conditions for melting are defined by experimentally determined solidus curves. The term "metasomatism" in crustal processes is defined as reaction by solution or vapors, not by melts or magmas, and the same definition should apply to mantle processes (reaction with magmas is "hybridization"). H_2O, CO_2, or both are made available for metasomatic reactions at deep dissociation fronts, or by solidification of volatile-charged magmas. Regions eligible for metasomatism are limited by solidus curves above which the melts dissolve volatile components. Beneath the lithosphere, there can be no metasomatism between about 120 and 260 km, because melting intervenes. Solidification of kimberlitic magmas at the base of continent al lithosphere is a source of metasomatic fluids. Mantle metasomatism is expected in several regions above subducted oceanic lithosphere, interspersed with magmatic events. Major differentiation of the earth is accomplished by melting, but meta somatism may cause significant redistribution of some elements.


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Additional Information:© 1984 VNU Science Press. This research was supported by the Earth Sciences Section of the National Science Foundation, Grants EAR-8311758 and EAR-8341623.
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Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFEAR-8311758
NSFEAR-8341623
Series Name:Proceedings of the 27th International Geological Congress
Issue or Number:9
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160406-152621343
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160406-152621343
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:65973
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:06 Apr 2016 23:10
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 09:52

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