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Converging cylindrical magnetohydrodynamic shock collapse onto a power-law-varying line current

Mostert, W. and Pullin, D. I. and Samtaney, R. and Wheatley, V. (2016) Converging cylindrical magnetohydrodynamic shock collapse onto a power-law-varying line current. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 793 . pp. 414-443. ISSN 0022-1120. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160422-142035961

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Abstract

We investigate the convergence behaviour of a cylindrical, fast magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) shock wave in a neutrally ionized gas collapsing onto an axial line current that generates a power law in time, azimuthal magnetic field. The analysis is done within the framework of a modified version of ideal MHD for an inviscid, non-dissipative, neutrally ionized compressible gas. The time variation of the magnetic field is tuned such that it approaches zero at the instant that the shock reaches the axis. This configuration is motivated by the desire to produce a finite magnetic field at finite shock radius but a singular gas pressure and temperature at the instant of shock impact. Our main focus is on the variation with shock radius r, as r→0, of the shock Mach number M(r) and pressure behind the shock p(r) as a function of the magnetic field power-law exponent μ ⩾ 0, where μ = 0 gives a constant-in-time line current. The flow problem is first formulated using an extension of geometrical shock dynamics (GSD) into the time domain to take account of the time-varying conditions ahead of the converging shock, coupled with appropriate shock-jump conditions for a fast, symmetric MHD shock. This provides a pair of ordinary differential equations describing both M(r) and the time evolution on the shock, as a function of r, constrained by a collapse condition required to achieve tuned shock convergence. Asymptotic, analytical results for M(r) and p(r) are obtained over a range of μ for general γ, and for both small and large r. In addition, numerical solutions of the GSD equations are performed over a large range of r, for selected parameters using γ=5/3. The accuracy of the GSD model is verified for some cases using direct numerical solution of the full, radially symmetric MHD equations using a shock-capturing method. For the GSD solutions, it is found that the physical character of the shock convergence to the axis is a strong function of μ. For 0 ⩽ μ < 4/13, M and p both approach unity at shock impact r=0 owing to the dominance of the strong magnetic field over the amplifying effects of geometrical convergence. When μ⩾0.816 (for γ=5/3), geometrical convergence is dominant and the shock behaves similarly to a converging gas dynamic shock with singular M(r) and p(r), r→0. For 4/13 < μ ⩽ 0.816 three distinct regions of M(r) variation are identified. For each of these p(r) is singular at the axis.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.138DOIArticle
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=10238959PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Samtaney, R.0000-0002-4702-6473
Additional Information:© 2016 Cambridge University Press. Received 15 June 2015; revised 8 December 2015; accepted 14 February 2016; first published online 16 March 2016. This research was supported under Australian Research Council’s Discovery Projects funding scheme (project number DP120102378). W. Mostert is supported by an Australian Postgraduate Award and was the recipient of a Graduate School International Travel Award from the University of Queensland. In addition, V. Wheatley is the recipient of an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (project number DE120102942). This work was partially supported by the KAUST Office of Sponsored Research under award URF/1/2162-01.
Group:GALCIT
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Australian Research CouncilDP120102378
University of QueenslandUNSPECIFIED
Australian Research CouncilDE120102942
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)URF/1/2162-01
Subject Keywords:compressible flows, MHD and electrohydrodynamics, shock waves
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160422-142035961
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160422-142035961
Official Citation:W. Mostert, D. I. Pullin, R. Samtaney and V. Wheatley (2016). Converging cylindrical magnetohydrodynamic shock collapse onto a power-law-varying line&nbsp;current. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 793, pp 414-443 doi:10.1017/jfm.2016.138
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:66421
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:23 Apr 2016 00:09
Last Modified:02 Feb 2018 21:55

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