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Thermoviscous effects in steady and oscillating flow of superfluid ^4He: Experiments

Backhaus, S. and Schwab, K. and Loshak, A. and Pereverzev, S. and Bruckner, N. and Davis, J. C. and Packard, R. E. (1997) Thermoviscous effects in steady and oscillating flow of superfluid ^4He: Experiments. Journal of Low Temperature Physics, 109 (3-4). pp. 527-546. ISSN 0022-2291. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160523-151326888

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Abstract

The correct interpretation of superfluid flow experiments relies on the knowledge of thermal and viscous effects that can cause deviations from ideal behavior. The previous paper presented a theoretical study of dissipative and reactive(nondissipative) thermoviscous effects in both steady and oscillating flow of an isotropic superfluid through small apertures and channels. Here, a detailed comparison is made between the theory and a wide array of experimental data. First, the calculated resistance to steady superflow is compared with measurements taken in a constant pressure-head flow cell. Second, the resonant frequency and Q of three different helmholtz oscillators are compared with predictions based on the calculated frequency response. The resonant frequency and Q are extracted numerically from the frequency response, and analytical results are given in experimentally important limits. Finally, the measured and calculated frequency response are compared at a temperature where the Helmholtz oscillator differs significantly from a simple harmonic oscillator. This difference is used to explain how the thermal properties of the oscillator affect its response. The quantitative agreement between the theory and experiment provide an excellent check of the previously derived equations. Also, the limiting expressions shown in this paper provide simple analytical expressions for calculating the effects of the various physical phenomena in a particular experimental situation.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02396910DOIArticle
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02396910PublisherArticle
http://rdcu.be/pXwWPublisherFree ReadCube access
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Schwab, K.0000-0001-8216-4815
Additional Information:© 1997 Plenum Publishing Corporation. Received April 16, 1997; revised July 9, 1997. One of the authors (S.B.) would like to thank Ekaterina Backhaus for assistance with parts of the computer code used in this work. This work was sponsored by the Office of Naval Research, NSF, and NASA. The experimental work on the AAO was sponsored in part by ONR contract number N00014-94-1008.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Office of Naval Research (ONR)N00014-94-1008
Issue or Number:3-4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160523-151326888
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160523-151326888
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67265
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 May 2016 22:26
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:04

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