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A new characterization of the Compton process in the ULX spectra

Kobayashi, S. and Nakazawa, K. and Makishima, K. (2016) A new characterization of the Compton process in the ULX spectra. Astronomische Nachrichten, 337 (4-5). pp. 479-484. ISSN 0004-6337. doi:10.1002/asna.201612333.

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Attempts were made to construct a unified description of the spectra of ULX (Ultra Luminous X-ray source) objects, including their Power-Law (PL) state and Disk-like state. Among spectral models proposed to explain either state, the present work adopts the one which combines multi-color disk (MCD) emission and its thermal Comptonization (THC). This model was applied to several datasets of ULXs obtained by Suzaku, XMM-Newton, and Nustar. The model well explains all the spectra, regardless of the spectral states, in terms of a cool disk (inner radius temperature of 0.2-0.5 keV) and a cool thick (electron temperature of 1-3 keV, and optical thickness ~10) corona. The fit results can be characterized by two new parameters. One is Q (defined as the electron temerature divided by the inner radius temperature) which describes balance between the Compton cooling and gravitational heating of the coronal electrons, while the other is F, namely, the covering fraction of the MCD by the corona. Here, F is calculated from the percentage of the directly-visible disk luminosity in the total radiation. Then, the PL-state spectra have been found to show Q~10 and F~0.5, while those of the Disk-like state Q~3 and F~1. Thus, the two states are clearly separated in terms of Q and F. The obtained results are employed to argue for their interpretation in terms of high-mass (several tens to several hundreds solar masses) black holes.

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Additional Information:© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Issue or Number:4-5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160527-104705688
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Official Citation:Kobayashi, S., Nakazawa, K. and Makishima, K. (2016), A new characterization of the Compton process in the ULX spectra. Astron. Nachr., 337: 479–484. doi: 10.1002/asna.201612333
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67443
Deposited By: Joy Painter
Deposited On:27 May 2016 19:14
Last Modified:04 Oct 2022 17:28

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