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A Greenhouse-Gas Information System: Monitoring and Validating Emissions Reporting and Mitigation

Dimotakis, Paul E. and Walker, Bruce C. and Jonietz, Karl K. and Rotman, Douglas A. (2011) A Greenhouse-Gas Information System: Monitoring and Validating Emissions Reporting and Mitigation. DOE Office of Science Report, LA-UR 11-05. Department of Energy , Washington, DC.

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This study and report focus on attributes of a greenhouse-gas information system (GHGIS) needed to support MRV&V needs. These needs set the function of such a system apart from scientific/research monitoring of GHGs and carbon-cycle systems, and include (not exclusively): the need for a GHGIS that is operational, as required for decision-support; the need for a system that meets specifications derived from imposed requirements; the need for rigorous calibration, verification, and validation (CV&V) standards, processes, and records for all measurement and modeling/data-inversion data; the need to develop and adopt an uncertainty-quantification (UQ) regimen for all measurement and modeling data; and the requirement that GHGIS products can be subjected to third-party questioning and scientific scrutiny. This report examines and assesses presently available capabilities that could contribute to a future GHGIS. These capabilities include sensors and measurement technologies; data analysis and data uncertainty quantification (UQ) practices and methods; and model-based data-inversion practices, methods, and their associated UQ. The report further examines the need for traceable calibration, verification, and validation processes and attached metadata; differences between present science-/research-oriented needs and those that would be required for an operational GHGIS; the development, operation, and maintenance of a GHGIS missions-operations center (GMOC); and the complex systems engineering and integration that would be required to develop, operate, and evolve a future GHGIS.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Report)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:DOE Contract Number: AC52-06NA25396.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)AC52-06NA25396
Series Name:DOE Office of Science Report
Issue or Number:LA-UR 11-05
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160602-160820731
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67595
Deposited By: Paul Dimotakis
Deposited On:13 Jun 2016 22:47
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:07

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