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The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia

Lelieveld, J. and Crutzen, P. J. and Ramanathan, V. and Andreae, M. O. and Brenninkmeijer, C. A. M. and Campos, T. and Cass, G. R. and Dickerson, R. R. and Fischer, H. and de Gouw, J. A. and Hansel, A. and Jefferson, A. and Kley, D. and de Laat, A. T. J. and Lal, S. and Lawrence, M. G. and Lobert, J. M. and Mayol-Bracero, O. L. and Mitra, A. P. and Novakov, T. and Oltsman, S. J. and Prather, K. A. and Reiner, T. and Rodhe, H. and Scheeren, H. A. and Sikka, D. and Williams, J. (2001) The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia. Science, 291 (5506). pp. 1031-1036. ISSN 0036-8075. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160606-123953476

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Abstract

The Indian Ocean Experiment (INDOEX) was an international, multiplatform field campaign to measure long-range transport of air pollution from South and Southeast Asia toward the Indian Ocean during the dry monsoon season in January to March 1999. Surprisingly high pollution levels were observed over the entire northern Indian Ocean toward the Intertropical Convergence Zone at about 6°S. We show that agricultural burning and especially biofuel use enhance carbon monoxide concentrations. Fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning cause a high aerosol loading. The growing pollution in this region gives rise to extensive air quality degradation with local, regional, and global implications, including a reduction of the oxidizing power of the atmosphere.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1057103DOIArticle
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/291/5506/1031PublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Andreae, M. O.0000-0003-1968-7925
Additional Information:© 2001 American Association for the Advancement of Science. 2 November 2000; accepted 10 January 2001. We are grateful for the support by many funding agencies, notably the NSF, the Department of Energy, NASA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Indian Space Research Organization, the European Union, the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft, the French Centre National d'Études Spatiales, the Netherlands Supercomputing Facility, and the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. We thank J. Olivier for his help with emission estimates (16, 39).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) UNSPECIFIED
Indian Space Research OrganizationUNSPECIFIED
European UnionUNSPECIFIED
Max-Planck-GesellschaftUNSPECIFIED
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Netherlands Supercomputing FacilityUNSPECIFIED
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:5506
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160606-123953476
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160606-123953476
Official Citation:The Indian Ocean Experiment: Widespread Air Pollution from South and Southeast Asia By J. Lelieveld, P. J. Crutzen, V. Ramanathan, M. O. Andreae, C. A. M. Brenninkmeijer, T. Campos, G. R. Cass, R. R. Dickerson, H. Fischer, J. A. de Gouw, A. Hansel, A. Jefferson, D. Kley, A. T. J. de Laat, S. Lal, M. G. Lawrence, J. M. Lobert, O. L. Mayol-Bracero, A. P. Mitra, T. Novakov, S. J. Oltmans, K. A. Prather, T. Reiner, H. Rodhe, H. A. Scheeren, D. Sikka, J. Williams Science 09 Feb 2001 : 1031-1036
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67687
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:06 Jun 2016 20:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:07

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