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Trimethylsilyl Derivatives of Organic Compounds in Source Samples and in Atmospheric Fine Particulate Matter

Nolte, Christopher G. and Schauer, James J. and Cass, Glen R. and Simoneit, Bernd R. T. (2002) Trimethylsilyl Derivatives of Organic Compounds in Source Samples and in Atmospheric Fine Particulate Matter. Environmental Science and Technology, 36 (20). pp. 4273-4281. ISSN 0013-936X. doi:10.1021/es020518y. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160607-123436066

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Abstract

Source sample extracts of vegetative detritus, motor vehicle exhaust, tire dust, paved road dust, and cigarette smoke have been silylated and analyzed by GC−MS to identify polar organic compounds that may serve as tracers for those specific emission sources of atmospheric fine particulate matter. Candidate molecular tracers were also identified in atmospheric fine particle samples collected in the San Joaquin Valley of California. A series of normal primary alkanols, dominated by even carbon-numbered homologues from C_(26) to C_(32), the secondary alcohol 10-nonacosanol, and some phytosterols are prominent polar compounds in the vegetative detritus source sample. No new polar organic compounds are found in the motor vehicle exhaust samples. Several hydrogenated resin acids are present in the tire dust sample, which might serve as useful tracers for those sources in areas that are heavily impacted by motor vehicle traffic. Finally, the alcohol and sterol emission profiles developed for all the source samples examined in this project are scaled according to the ambient fine particle mass concentrations attributed to those sources by a chemical mass balance receptor model that was previously applied to the San Joaquin Valley to compute the predicted atmospheric concentrations of individual alcohols and sterols. The resulting underprediction of alkanol concentrations at the urban sites suggests that alkanols may be more sensitive tracers for natural background from vegetative emissions (i.e., waxes) than the high molecular weight alkanes, which have been the best previously available tracers for that source.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es020518yDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es020518yPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2002 American Chemical Society. Received for review January 13, 2002. Revised manuscript received July 24, 2002. Accepted July 25, 2002. This research was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute under Agreement RP3189-03 and in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under EPA Grant R826233-01-0 (California Institute of Technology).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)RP3189-03
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R826233-01-0
Issue or Number:20
DOI:10.1021/es020518y
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160607-123436066
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160607-123436066
Official Citation:Trimethylsilyl Derivatives of Organic Compounds in Source Samples and in Atmospheric Fine Particulate Matter Christopher G. Nolte, James J. Schauer, Glen R. Cass, and Bernd R. T. Simoneit Environmental Science & Technology 2002 36 (20), 4273-4281 DOI: 10.1021/es020518y
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67734
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:07 Jun 2016 22:51
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 03:53

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