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Highly Polar Organic Compounds Present in Wood Smoke and in the Ambient Atmosphere

Nolte, Christopher G. and Schauer, James J. and Cass, Glen R. and Simoneit, Bernd R. T. (2001) Highly Polar Organic Compounds Present in Wood Smoke and in the Ambient Atmosphere. Environmental Science and Technology, 35 (10). pp. 1912-1919. ISSN 0013-936X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103844377

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Abstract

Fine particulate matter emitted during wood combustion is known to contribute a significant fraction of the total fine aerosol concentration in the atmosphere of both urban and rural areas. In the present study, additional organic compounds that may act as wood smoke tracers in the atmosphere are sought. Polar organic compounds in wood smoke fine particulate matter are converted to their trimethylsilyl derivatives and analyzed by gas chromatog raphy/mass spectrometry. Silylation enables the detection of n-alkanols, plant sterols, and a number of compounds derived from wood lignin that have not previously been reported in wood smoke samples, as well as levoglucosan and related sugar anhydrides formed during the combustion of cellulose. The concentrations of these compounds measured in source emissions are compared to the concentrations in atmospheric fine particle samples collected at a rural background site and at two urban sites in California's San Joaquin Valley. On the basis of this analysis, the sugar anhydrides galactosan and mannosan can be listed along with levoglucosan as being among the most abundant organic compounds detected in all samples.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es001420rDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es001420rPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2001 American Chemical Society. Received for review June 27, 2000. Revised manuscript received December 7, 2000. Accepted December 19, 2000. This research was supported by the Electric Power Research Institute under Agreement RP3189-03 and in part by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under EPA Grant R826233-01-0 (California Institute of Technology).
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)RP3189-03
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R826233-01-0
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103844377
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103844377
Official Citation:Highly Polar Organic Compounds Present in Wood Smoke and in the Ambient Atmosphere Christopher G. Nolte, James J. Schauer, Glen R. Cass, and Bernd R. T. Simoneit Environmental Science & Technology 2001 35 (10), 1912-1919 DOI: 10.1021/es001420r
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67768
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:08 Jun 2016 20:34
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:08

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