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A Study on the Human Ability To Detect Soot Deposition onto Works of Art

Bellan, Leon M. and Salmon, Lynn G. and Cass, Glen R. (2000) A Study on the Human Ability To Detect Soot Deposition onto Works of Art. Environmental Science and Technology, 34 (10). pp. 1946-1952. ISSN 0013-936X. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103845206

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Abstract

Works of art can become soiled due to the deposition of airborne black soot particles within museums and art galleries. The soot particle deposition rates are already known for many environments, but knowing the levels of carbon particle coverage at which humans can detect image darkening is also important. Therefore, in this work, human subjects have been tested to determine their ability to detect soiling by black carbon particles deposited onto specially prepared samples having colored backgrounds. The results show that certain observers are able to detect that a sample is becoming soiled once surface coverage by black carbon particles has reached 2.4% if the soiled samples and clean samples are placed directly adjacent to each other, producing a sharp dividing line (an “edge-to-edge” comparison). Observers can detect the presence of soiling with greater than 90% accuracy during an edge-to-edge comparison on most backgrounds when soiling levels reach approximately 3.6% surface coverage by black particles. If the comparison between soiled and clean samples must be made with samples that are separated from each other by a neutral gray area, soiling is only detected with 100% accuracy once coverage by black particles has reached 12.0% surface coverage. These results show that a greater accumulation of black carbon than was previously thought is required to produce a visibly soiled surface.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es990769fDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es990769fPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2000 American Chemical Society. Received for review July 7, 1999. Revised manuscript received February 3, 2000. Accepted February 22, 2000.
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103845206
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160608-103845206
Official Citation:A Study on the Human Ability To Detect Soot Deposition onto Works of Art Leon M. Bellan, Lynn G. Salmon, and Glen R. Cass Environmental Science & Technology 2000 34 (10), 1946-1952 DOI: 10.1021/es990769f
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67771
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:08 Jun 2016 20:26
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:08

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