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Three-Dimensional Single Gyroid Photonic Crystals with a Mid-Infrared Bandgap

Peng, Siying and Zhang, Runyu and Chen, Valerian H. and Khabiboulline, Emil T. and Braun, Paul and Atwater, Harry A. (2016) Three-Dimensional Single Gyroid Photonic Crystals with a Mid-Infrared Bandgap. ACS Photonics, 3 (6). pp. 1131-1137. ISSN 2330-4022. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00293.

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A gyroid structure is a distinct morphology that is triply periodic and consists of minimal isosurfaces containing no straight lines. We have designed and synthesized amorphous silicon (a-Si) mid-infrared gyroid photonic crystals that exhibit a complete bandgap in infrared spectroscopy measurements. Photonic crystals were synthesized by deposition of a-Si/Al_2O_3 coatings onto a sacrificial polymer scaffold defined by two-photon lithography. We observed a 100% reflectance at 7.5 μm for single gyroids with a unit cell size of 4.5 μm, in agreement with the photonic bandgap position predicted from full-wave electromagnetic simulations, whereas the observed reflection peak shifted to 8 μm for a 5.5 μm unit cell size. This approach represents a simulation-fabrication-characterization platform to realize three-dimensional gyroid photonic crystals with well-defined dimensions in real space and tailored properties in momentum space.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Information Paper
Peng, Siying0000-0002-1541-0278
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Additional Information:© 2016 American Chemical Society. Received: April 20, 2016; Publication Date (Web): May 23, 2016. This work is part of the Light Material Interactions in Energy Conversion Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001293. The authors thank George Rossman for FT-IR assistance, the Kavli Nanoscience Institute at Caltech for cleanroom facilities, the Lewis Group ALD facility at Caltech, and V. W. Brar and F. Liu for insightful discussions. The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0001293
Subject Keywords:photonic bandgap, three-dimensional photonic crystals, mid-infrared, gyroids, Weyl points
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160610-105849087
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Three-Dimensional Single Gyroid Photonic Crystals with a Mid-Infrared Bandgap Siying Peng, Runyu Zhang, Valerian H. Chen, Emil T. Khabiboulline, Paul Braun, and Harry A. Atwater ACS Photonics 2016 3 (6), 1131-1137 DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00293
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67832
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:10 Jun 2016 18:06
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 03:55

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