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Sources of Fine Organic Aerosol. 9. Pine, Oak, and Synthetic Log Combustion in Residential Fireplaces

Rogge, Wolfgang F. and Hildemann, Lynn M. and Mazurek, Monica A. and Cass, Glen R. and Simoneit, Bernd R. T. (1998) Sources of Fine Organic Aerosol. 9. Pine, Oak, and Synthetic Log Combustion in Residential Fireplaces. Environmental Science and Technology, 32 (1). pp. 13-22. ISSN 0013-936X. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160614-135825782

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Abstract

Combustion of wood in residential fireplaces contributes approximately 14% on an annual average of the total primary fine particle organic carbon (OC) emissions to the Los Angeles urban atmosphere and up to 30% of the fine particulate OC emissions on winter days. This paper presents comprehensive organic compound source profiles for smoke from burning pine, oak, and synthetic logs in residential fireplaces. Mass emission rates are determined for approximately 200 organic compounds including suites of the n-alkanes, n-alkenes, cyclohexylalkanes, n-alkanals, n-alkanoic acids, alkenoic acids, dicarboxylic acids, resin acids, hydroxylated/methyoxylated phenols, lignans, substituted benzenes/benzaldehydes, phytosterols, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and oxy-PAHs. Wood smoke constituents reflect to a great extent the underlying composition of the wood burned:  pine and oak logs produce smoke that is enriched in lignin decomposition products, pine smoke is enriched in resin acids and their thermal alteration products, while smoke from the synthetic log burned here bears the major signature of the petroleum products combined with traces of the sawdust components from which it is made. Resin acids are discussed as potential wood smoke tracers in the environment, and it is shown that the time series of resin acids concentrations in the Los Angeles atmosphere follows the extreme seasonal variation in wood use reported in previous emissions inventories for the Los Angeles urban area.


Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es960930bDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/es960930bPublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1998 American Chemical Society. We thank Ed Ruth for his assistance with the acquisition of the mass spectrometry data and the staff of the Caltech Housing Office for providing the house in which these fireplace source tests were conducted. This research was supported by the California Air Resources Board under Agreement A932-127. Portions of the work benefited from research supported by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under Agreement R-813277-01-0 and by the South Coast Air Quality Management District. Partial funding also was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC02-76CH00016. The statements and conclusions in the report are those of the contractor and not necessarily those of the California Air Resources Board. The mention of commercial products, their source, or their use in connection with material reported herein is not to be construed as actual or implied endorsement of such products. This manuscript has not been subject to the EPA's peer and policy review and, hence, does not necessarily reflect the views of the EPA.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
California Air Resources BoardA932-127
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)R-813277-01-0
South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD)UNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-76CH00016
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160614-135825782
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160614-135825782
Official Citation:Sources of Fine Organic Aerosol. 9. Pine, Oak, and Synthetic Log Combustion in Residential Fireplaces Wolfgang F. Rogge, Lynn M. Hildemann, Monica A. Mazurek, Glen R. Cass, and Bernd R. T. Simoneit Environmental Science & Technology 1998 32 (1), 13-22 DOI: 10.1021/es960930b
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:67921
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:14 Jun 2016 21:38
Last Modified:14 Jun 2016 21:38

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