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A Scalable Turbulent Mixing Aerosol Reactor for Oxide-Coated Silicon Nanoparticles

Holunga, Dean M. and Flagan, Richard C. and Atwater, Harry A. (2005) A Scalable Turbulent Mixing Aerosol Reactor for Oxide-Coated Silicon Nanoparticles. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 44 (16). pp. 6332-6341. ISSN 0888-5885. doi:10.1021/ie049172l. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160623-123548776

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Abstract

A new, turbulent flow aerosol reactor is described that enables synthesis of uniformly sized aerosol nanoparticles during a residence time of a few milliseconds. The short residence time allows processing of high number concentration aerosols, in excess of 10^9 cm^(-3), to be processed with minimal coagulation, leading to an aerosol throughput approaching 10^(11) particles cm^(-3) s^(-1). Turbulent mixing speeds thermal and chemical transport beyond diffusional limits inherent in laminar flow reactors, providing the thermal energy to drive chemical reactions, coalescence, densification, and crystallization of particles. With enhanced transport, residence time in the reactor can be reduced, thus limiting coagulate particle growth while maintaining a high throughput of nonlayered or multilayered aerosol particles. The turbulence that enables rapid mixing is generated by dissipation of kinetic energy supplied to the reactor by high velocity gas jets. The apparatus described here increased the throughput by a factor of 100 above previous laminar flow reactors, and the induced fast mixing enables scale-up to much higher throughput. Characterization of particles by differential mobility analysis and transmission electron microscopy confirmed uniformity in size and composition.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie049172lDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie049172lPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Flagan, Richard C.0000-0001-5690-770X
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Additional Information:© 2005 American Chemical Society. Received for review September 1, 2004. Revised manuscript received April 5, 2005. Accepted April 6, 2005. Publication Date (Web): May 10, 2005. This work was supported by NSF Grant ECS-0103543. Special thanks to Carol Garland for assistance in high resolution transmission electron microscopy.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NSFECS-0103543
Issue or Number:16
DOI:10.1021/ie049172l
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160623-123548776
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160623-123548776
Official Citation:A Scalable Turbulent Mixing Aerosol Reactor for Oxide-Coated Silicon Nanoparticles Dean M. Holunga, Richard C. Flagan, and Harry A. Atwater Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2005 44 (16), 6332-6341 DOI: 10.1021/ie049172l
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:68638
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:23 Jun 2016 22:37
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:02

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