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Bacteriophage φx174 DNA Synthesis in a Replication-deficient Host: Determination of the Origin of φX DNA Replication

Baas, P. D. and Jansz, H. S. and Sinsheimer, R. L. (1976) Bacteriophage φx174 DNA Synthesis in a Replication-deficient Host: Determination of the Origin of φX DNA Replication. Journal of Molecular Biology, 102 (3). pp. 633-656. ISSN 0022-2836. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160811-065727949

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Abstract

We have reinvestigated bacteriophage φX DNA synthesis in rep_3^− cells. In these cells adsorption, transcription and translation of φX occurs normally, but φX replicative form DNA replication is blocked. After infection, φX DNA was isolated and separated by propidium diiodide/CsCl gradients into RFI† and RFII, followed by chromatography on BND-cellulose. In addition to the results of Francke & Ray (1971, 1972), we found an increasing amount of viral strand DNA synthesis in each fraction as time of infection proceeds. The occurrence of viral strand DNA synthesis is dependent on the presence of a functional cistron A product. In the presence of 150 μg chloramphenicol/ml or in infections with am18 (gene A) no viral strand DNA synthesis could be detected. After completion of the parental RF molecule, [^3H]thymidine enters almost exclusively into viral strand DNA. The greater part of this viral strand DNA is found in genome-length φX. DNA in both RFI and RFII. Alkaline sucrose sedimentation of the RFII indicates that post-infection viral DNA label is only in linear φX DNA. These results strongly suggest that an extensive nick translation of the viral strand of RFII, followed occasionally by a conversion to RFI, takes place after synthesis of a functional cistron A product. This conclusion could be confirmed by restriction enzyme analysis of φX RF DNA, isolated from rep_3^− cells infected with ^(32)P-labeled phage in the presence of [^3H]thymidine. With the restriction enzyme HaeIII a gradient in the 3H32P ratio of the fragments was obtained extrapolating into the fragment Z_(6B). From this gradient the origin of the φX DNA nick translation could be located in the left half of Z_(6B) at approximately 65% (185 base-pairs) from the Z_(6A)-Z_(6B) junction.


Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(76)90339-9DOIArticle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022283676903399PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1976 Elsevier Ltd. Received 10 September 1975. This work was started in the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena and completed in the Institute for Molecular Biology in Utrecht. The research carried out in the California Institute of Technology was supported by Public Health Service grant no. GM-13554 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. One of us (P.D.B.) was supported by a fellowship of The Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.)- The work in Utrecht was supported in part by The Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (Z.W.O.). The technical assistance of Miss W.R. Teertstra is gratefully acknowledged.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS)GM 13554
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Zuiver-Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (ZWO)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160811-065727949
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20160811-065727949
Official Citation:P.D. Baas, H.S. Jansz, R.L. Sinsheimer, Bacteriophage φx174 DNA synthesis in a replication-deficient host: Determination of the origin of φX DNA replication, Journal of Molecular Biology, Volume 102, Issue 3, 15 April 1976, Pages 633-656, ISSN 0022-2836, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0022-2836(76)90339-9. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0022283676903399)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:69556
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:11 Aug 2016 17:20
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 10:23

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