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Investigations of turbulence in a liquid helium II counterflow jet

Dimotakis, Paul E. and Laguna, Glenn A. (1977) Investigations of turbulence in a liquid helium II counterflow jet. Physical Review B, 15 (11). pp. 5240-5244. ISSN 0556-2805. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.15.5240.

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Using the phase information in a high-frequency second-sound beam, it was possible to investigate the temperature and velocity in a counterflow jet a few diameters downstream of the jet exit. At the heat fluxes investigated, the jet was characterized by turbulent velocity fluctuations. No temperature difference could be measured between the jet and the surrounding fluid, within the experimental accuracy (∼ 10^(-5) K). Velocity-sensitive phase measurements suggest that the normal-fluid jet entrains the surrounding superfluid to minimize any relative velocity and mutual friction between the two fluids. To our knowledge these observations constitute the first direct measurements of liquid-helium fluid velocities, as they enter the equations of motion.

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Additional Information:© 1977 The American Physical Society. Received 8 July 1976; revised 24 January 1977. The authors would like to thank the Air Force Office of Scientific Research for supporting this work through contract No. F44620-75-C-0038.
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Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)F44620-75-C-0038
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GALCIT Publication754
Issue or Number:11
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:DIMprb77
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:6986
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Jan 2007
Last Modified:08 Nov 2021 20:38

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