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Stokes solitons in optical microcavities

Yang, Qi-Fan and Yi, Xu and Yang, Ki Youl and Vahala, Kerry (2017) Stokes solitons in optical microcavities. Nature Physics, 13 (1). pp. 53-57. ISSN 1745-2473. doi:10.1038/nphys3875.

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Solitons are wave packets that resist dispersion through a self-induced potential well. They are studied in many fields, but are especially well known in optics on account of the relative ease of their formation and control in optical fibre waveguides. Besides their many interesting properties, solitons are important to optical continuum generation, in mode-locked lasers, and have been considered as a natural way to convey data over great distances. Recently, solitons have been realized in microcavities, thereby bringing the power of microfabrication methods to future applications. This work reports a soliton not previously observed in optical systems, the Stokes soliton. The Stokes soliton forms and regenerates by optimizing its Raman interaction in space and time within an optical potential well shared with another soliton. The Stokes and the initial soliton belong to distinct transverse mode families and benefit from a form of soliton trapping that is new to microcavities and soliton lasers in general. The discovery of a new optical soliton can impact work in other areas of photonics, including nonlinear optics and spectroscopy.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access Paper
Yang, Qi-Fan0000-0002-7036-1712
Yi, Xu0000-0002-2485-1104
Yang, Ki Youl0000-0002-0587-3201
Vahala, Kerry0000-0003-1783-1380
Additional Information:© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Received 10 January 2016. Accepted 03 August 2016. Published online 05 September 2016. The authors thank S. Cundiff at the University of Michigan for helpful comments on this manuscript. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under the PULSE Program, NASA, the Kavli Nanoscience Institute and the Institute for Quantum Information and Matter, an NSF Physics Frontiers Center with support of the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. Author Contributions: Experiments were conceived by all co-authors. Analysis of results was conducted by all co-authors. Q.-F.Y. and X.Y. performed measurements. K.Y.Y. fabricated devices. All authors participated in writing the manuscript. These authors contributed equally to this work: Qi-Fan Yang & Xu Yi. The authors declare no competing financial interests. The data that support the plots within this paper and other findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute, Institute for Quantum Information and Matter
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)UNSPECIFIED
Kavli Nanoscience InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Institute for Quantum Information and Matter (IQIM)UNSPECIFIED
NSF Physics Frontiers CenterUNSPECIFIED
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:1
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20160906-114234660
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:70176
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:06 Sep 2016 19:01
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:25

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