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Error Characterization and Mitigation for 16nm MLC NAND Flash Memory under Total Ionizing Dose Effect

Li, Yue and Sheldon, Douglas J. and Ramos, Andre S. and Bruck, Jehoshua (2016) Error Characterization and Mitigation for 16nm MLC NAND Flash Memory under Total Ionizing Dose Effect. In: 2016 International Reliability Physics Symposium. IEEE , Piscataway, NJ, SE2-1. ISBN 978-1-4673-9138-2. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20161004-114313111

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Abstract

This paper studies the system-level reliability of 16nm MLC NAND flash memories under total ionizing dose (TID) effect. Errors that occur in the parts under TID effect are characterized at multiple levels. Results show that faithful data recovery only lasts until 9k rad. Data errors observed in irradiated flash samples are strongly asymmetric. To improve the reliability of the parts, we study error mitigation methods that consider the specific properties of TID errors. First, we implement a novel data representation scheme that stores data using the relative order of cell voltages. The representation is more robust against uniform asymmetric threshold voltage shift of floating gates. Experimental results show that the scheme reduces errors at least by 50% for blocks with less than 3k program/erase cycles and 10k rad. Second, we conduct empirical evaluations of memory scrubbing schemes. Based on the results, we identify a scheme that refreshes cells without doing block erasure. Evaluation results show that parts under this scrubbing scheme survive up to 8k PECs and 57k rad total doses.


Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/IRPS.2016.7574638DOIArticle
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7574638/PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 2016 IEEE. Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 26 September 2016. Part of the research was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Characterization, NAND flash memories, radiation effects, reliability, total ionizing dose effect
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161004-114313111
Persistent URL:http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20161004-114313111
Official Citation:Y. Li, D. J. Sheldon, A. S. Ramos and J. Bruck, "Error characterization and mitigation for 16nm MLC NAND flash memory under total ionizing dose effect," 2016 IEEE International Reliability Physics Symposium (IRPS), Pasadena, CA, USA, 2016, pp. SE-2-1-SE-2-6. doi: 10.1109/IRPS.2016.7574638
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:70816
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:04 Oct 2016 20:06
Last Modified:04 Oct 2016 20:06

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