A Caltech Library Service

New advancements in charge-coupled device technology: sub-electron noise and 4096x4096 pixel CCDs

Janesick, James R. and Elliott, Tom S. and Dingiziam, Arsham and Bredthauer, Richard A. and Chandler, Charles E. and Westphal, James A. and Gunn, James E. (1990) New advancements in charge-coupled device technology: sub-electron noise and 4096x4096 pixel CCDs. In: Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors. Proceedings of SPIE. No.1242. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, pp. 223-237. ISBN 0-8194-0289-3.

[img] PDF - Published Version
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


This paper reports on two new advancements in CCD technology. The first area of development has produced a special purpose CCD designed for ultra low-signal level imaging and spectroscopy applications that require sub-electron read noise floors. A nondestructive output circuit operating near its 1/f noise regime is clocked in a special manner to read a single pixel multiple times. Off-chip electronics average the multiple values, reducing the random noise by the square-root of the number of samples taken. Noise floors below 0.5 electrons rms are reported. The second development involves the design and performance of a high resolution imager of 4096 x 4096 pixels, the largest CCD manufactured in terms of pixel count. The device utilizes a 7.5-micron pixel fabricated with three-level poly-silicon to achieve high yield.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 1990 The International Society for Optical Engineering. SPIE. Skipper CCD funding was in part provided by the California Institute of Technology from a grant (AST-8503887) by the National Science Foundation. The 4096x4096 COD was funded with Ford Aerospace lR&D funds by Dr. Tony Tether, Vice President of Research and Development. Testing of both projects was carried out by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:1242
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161019-101722396
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:James R. Janesick ; Tom S. Elliott ; Arsham Dingiziam ; Richard A. Bredthauer ; Charles E. Chandler ; James A. Westphal ; James E. Gunn; New advancements in charge-coupled device technology: subelectron noise and 4096 x 4096 pixel CCDs. Proc. SPIE 1242, Charge-Coupled Devices and Solid State Optical Sensors, 223 (July 1, 1990); doi:10.1117/12.19452.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71266
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:19 Oct 2016 18:10
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:42

Repository Staff Only: item control page