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Turbulent Jets and Plumes

List, E. J. (1982) Turbulent Jets and Plumes. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 14 . pp. 189-212. ISSN 0066-4189. doi:10.1146/annurev.fl.14.010182.001201.

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Turbulent jets are fluid flows produced by a pressure drop through an orifice. Their mechanics, although studied for over fifty years, has recently received research attention that has resulted in a much improved understanding of the process by which they entrain surrounding fluid. Turbulent plumes are fluid motions whose primary source of kinetic energy and momentum flux is body forces derived from density inhomogeneities. Plumes have not been studied in the same detail as jets but nevertheless there have been some recent gains in the understanding of their mechanics. In this article we will review this progress, especially in relation to how jets and plumes interact with environmental factors, such as density stratification or uniform motion of the ambient fluid. As will become evident, many problems remain and, in some circumstances, we simply cannot describe precisely what does occur. In such cases we will try to provide current references and suggest approaches for future research.

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Additional Information:© 1982 Annual Reviews. This article was written at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California. Without the support of Caltech faculty colleagues, students, and staff it could not have appeared. Over a period of years many sponsors have supported the research program in the W. M. Keck Laboratories and this article has drawn substantially on work performed under those research grants. In particular, the support of the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Southern California Edison Company, and the Ford Energy Program at Caltech are gratefully acknowledged. The author is particularly appreciative of the assistance received from Joan Mathews and Melinda Hendrix-Werts in the preparation of this article.
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Southern California EdisonUNSPECIFIED
Ford Energy Program, CaltechUNSPECIFIED
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Official Citation:Turbulent Jets and Plumes E J List Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 14: 189 -212 (Volume publication date January 1982)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71282
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:19 Oct 2016 22:29
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:42

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