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Surface Photometry and the Structure of Elliptical Galaxies

Kormendy, John and Djorgovski, S. (1989) Surface Photometry and the Structure of Elliptical Galaxies. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, 27 (1). pp. 235-277. ISSN 0066-4146. doi:10.1146/annurev.aa.27.090189.001315.

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This paper reviews surface photometry of bulges and elliptical galaxies. Work prior to 1982 is discussed by Kormendy (1982a; hereafter K82). Since then, the subject has gone through a revolution. CCD detectors have come into common use, providing photometry accurate enough to measure new classes of subtle properties of ellipticals. Together with improvements in seeing, CCDs have allowed the resolution and study of galaxy cores and nuclei (Section 2). Newly discovered structural details, such as dust, shells, and dynamical subsystems, show the importance of accretion events in galaxy evolution (Sections 3-6). Better measurements of parameter scaling laws have led to improved constraints on galaxy formation (Section 8). Finally, CCDs provide accurate measurements of departures from elliptical isophotes (Section 9) and color gradients (Section 10). These observations are currently producing a quantum jump in our understanding of elliptical galaxies. Some of the present subjects are discussed in more detail in recent reviews by Kormendy (1987a; hereafter K87), Okamura (1988), and Nieto (1988). Techniques are discussed by de Vaucouleurs (1979, 1984), Nieto (1982), Capaccioli & de Vaucouleurs (1983), Capaccioli (1985, 1987, 1988a,b), Okamura (1988), and Djorgovski & Dickinson (1989). Compilations of photometry references for individual galaxies are found in Davoust & Pence (1982) and Pence & Davoust (1985). Unless otherwise noted, we assume that the Hubble constant is H_0 = 50 km s^(-1) Mpc^(-1).

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Djorgovski, S.0000-0002-0603-3087
Additional Information:© 1989 Annual Reviews. We are most grateful to R. Bender, R. Davies, R. de Carvalho, G. Illingworth, J.-L. Nieto, R. Peletier, F. Schweizer, A. Toomre, and especially T. de Zeeuw for very helpful discussions, comments on the manuscript, or data in advance of publication. Also, it is a pleasure to thank the many people who sent us preprints, including those on subjects that were ultimately not covered because of space limitations. During this work, SD was supported by Caltech and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
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Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
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Official Citation:Surface Photometry and the Structure of Elliptical Galaxies John Kormendy and S. Djorgovski Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Vol. 27: 235 -277 (Volume publication date September 1989)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71371
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Oct 2016 23:59
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:44

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