A Caltech Library Service

The entropy of supercooled liquids at the absolute zero

Pauling, Linus and Tolman, Richard C. (1925) The entropy of supercooled liquids at the absolute zero. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 47 (8). pp. 2148-2156. ISSN 0002-7863.

Full text is not posted in this repository. Consult Related URLs below.

Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


The purpose of the present article is to investigate the entropy of supercooled liquids at the absolute zero by the methods of statistical mechanics. We shall in this way obtain a more precise idea of the factors which can make the entropy of a supercooled liquid or glass greater than that of the corresponding crystal. Indeed, we shall be able to show that the excess entropy of a glass is related in a simple and definite manner to the properties of the glass when regarded as a quantum system with its degrees of freedom in the next to the lowest quantum state. Incidentally, we shall also show that different crystalline forms of a substance have the same entropy at the absolute zero, irrespective of the number of atoms in the unit of structure of the crystal, in contradiction to the suggestion recently made by Eastman that the entropy is greater, the larger the number of atoms in the unit cell.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Additional Information:© 1925 American Chemical Society. Received April 23, 1925. Published August 5, 1925.
Other Numbering System:
Other Numbering System NameOther Numbering System ID
Gates Chemical Laboratory70
Issue or Number:8
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161024-155803512
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:THE ENTROPY OF SUPERCOOLED LIQUIDS AT THE ABSOLUTE ZERO Linus Pauling and Richard C. Tolman Journal of the American Chemical Society 1925 47 (8), 2148-2156 DOI: 10.1021/ja01685a012
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71416
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:24 Oct 2016 23:07
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:07

Repository Staff Only: item control page