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Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier - Understanding the glue that binds us all

Accardi, A. and Qian, X. (2016) Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier - Understanding the glue that binds us all. European Physical Journal A: Hadrons and Nuclei, 52 . Art. No. 268. ISSN 1434-6001. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16268-9.

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This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics over the past decades and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on “Gluons and quark sea at high energies” at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them. It has been benefited profoundly from inputs by the users’ communities of BNL and JLab. This White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the US, established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.

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Additional Information:© 2016 The Author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received: 21 March 2016; Published online: 8 September 2016. This white paper is a result of a community wide effort through the many EIC workshops organized by the physics communities associated with both BNL and JLab, which culminated in the INT Report [2]. We thank the following colleagues who made valuable comments to the draft of this document: Christine Aidala (Univ. of Michigan), Yasuyuki Akiba (RIKEN, Japan) Kieran Boyle (RIKEN BNL Research Center at BNL), Jian-Ping Chen (Jefferson Laboratory) Leonard Gamberg (Penn State University) Yuji Goto (RIKEN, Japan), John Harris (Yale University), Thomas Hemmick (Stony Brook University), Barbara Jacak (Stony Brook University), Peter Jacobs (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory), Zhongbo Kang (Los Alamos National Laboratory), David Kaplan (Institute of Nuclear Theory & U. of Washington) Dmitri Kharzeev (BNL & Stony Brook University), Sebastian Kuhn (Old Dominion University), Paul Newman (Univ. of Liverpool, United Kingdom), Joakim Nystrand (Univ. of Bergen, Norway), Kent Paschke (Univ. of Virginia), Krishna Rajagopal (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Seamus Riordan (Stony Brook University) Oscar Rondon (Univ. of Virginia), Patrizia Rossi (Jefferson Laboratory), Bernd Surrow (Temple University) Michael Tannenbaum (BNL), Mikhail Tokarev (JINR, Russia), Xin-Nian Wang (Lawrence Berkeley National Lab & Central China Normal Univ.). This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, contract numbers DE-AC02-06CH11357 (RH), DE-AC02-98CH10886 (ECA, TB, SF, YH, MACL, JHL, YL, VL, TWL, BM, VP, J-WQ, ThR, MS, TT, DT, ThU, RV, SV, LZ), DE-AC02-05CH11231 (ES, FY), DE-AC02-76SF00515 (MSu), DE-AC05-06OR23177 (AA, RE, VG, AH, F-LL, RM, VSM, PN-T, AP, CW, Y-HZ), and grant numbers DE-FG02-05ER41372 (ADe), DE-FG02-09ER41620 (ADu), DE-FG02-03ER41231 (HG), DE-SC0004286 (YuK), DE-FG02-88ER40415 (KK), DE-FG02-94ER40844 (Z-EM), DE-FG02-92ER40699 (AHM), DE-FG02-08ER41531 (MR-M), by the National Science Foundation, grant number PHY-1019521 (TH), by The ERC grant HotLHC ERC-2001-StG-279579; Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion of Spain grants FPA2008-01177, FPA2009-06867-E and Consolider-Ingenio 2010 CPAN CSD2007-00042; Xunta de Galicia grant PGIDIT10PXIB206017PR; and FEDER (NA), by Chilean CONICYT: grant number FB0821, Anillo grant ACT-119 and Fondecyt grant 1120953 (WB), by City University of NY PSCCUNY Research Award Program Grant 65041-0043 (ADu), by Chilean Fondecyt Grant 11121448 (HH), by Fondecyt (Chile) Grant No. 1090291 (BK), by Croatian Ministry of Science, contract no. 119-0982930-1016 (KKu), and by CEA-Saclay and GDR 3034 PH-QCD (FS).
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-06CH11357
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-98CH10886
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-05CH11231
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-76SF00515
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC05-06OR23177
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-05ER41372
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-09ER41620
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-03ER41231
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0004286
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-88ER40415
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-94ER40844
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-92ER40699
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-08ER41531
European Research Council (ERC)HotLHC ERC-2001-StG-279579
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)FPA2008-01177
Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (MCINN)FPA2009-06867-E
Centro Nacional de Física de Partículas, Astropartículas y Nuclear (CPAN)CSD2007-00042
Xunta de GaliciaPGIDIT10PXIB206017PR
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)FB0821
Comisión Nacional de Investigación Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT)Anillo ACT-119
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1120953
City University of New York65041-0043
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)11121448
Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT)1090291
Ministry of Science (Croatia)119-0982930-1016
Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique (CEA)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)GDR 3034 PH-QCD
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161028-094949037
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Accardi, A., Albacete, J.L., Anselmino, M. et al. Eur. Phys. J. A (2016) 52: 268. doi:10.1140/epja/i2016-16268-9
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71566
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:28 Oct 2016 17:14
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:47

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