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Accurate triangulations of deformed, intersecting surfaces

Von Herzen, Brian and Barr, Alan H. (1987) Accurate triangulations of deformed, intersecting surfaces. ACM SIGGRAPH Computer Graphics, 21 (4). pp. 103-110. ISSN 0097-8930. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20161102-165218680

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Abstract

A quadtree algorithm is developed to triangulate deformed, intersecting parametric surfaces. The biggest problem with adaptive sampling is to guarantee that the triangulation is accurate within a given tolerance. A new method guarantees the accuracy of the triangulation, given a "Lipschitz" condition on the surface definition. The method constructs a hierarchical set of bounding volumes for the surface, useful for ray tracing and solid modeling operations. The task of adaptively sampling a surface is broken into two parts: a subdivision mechanism for recursively subdividing a surface, and a set of subdivision criteria for controlling the subdivision process. An adaptive sampling technique is said to be robust if it accurately represents the surface being sampled. A new type of quadtree, called a restricted quadtree, is more robust than the traditional unrestricted quadtree at adaptive sampling of parametric surfaces. Each sub-region in the quadtree is half the width of the previous region. The restricted quadtree requires that adjacent regions be the same width within a factor of two, while the traditional quadtree makes no restriction on neighbor width. Restricted surface quadtrees are effective at recursively sampling a parametric surface. Quadtree samples are concentrated in regions of high curvature, and along intersection boundaries, using several subdivision criteria. Silhouette subdivision improves the accuracy of the silhouette boundary when a viewing transformation is available at sampling time. The adaptive sampling method is more robust than uniform sampling, and can be more efficient at rendering deformed, intersecting parametric surfaces.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/37402.37415DOIArticle
http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=37402.37415PublisherArticle
Additional Information:© 1987 ACM.
Subject Keywords:Algorithms, Restricted quadtrees, adaptive sampling of parametric surfaces
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161102-165218680
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20161102-165218680
Official Citation:Brian Von Herzen and Alan H. Barr. 1987. Accurate triangulations of deformed, intersecting surfaces. SIGGRAPH Comput. Graph. 21, 4 (August 1987), 103-110. DOI=http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/37402.37415
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:71701
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Kristin Buxton
Deposited On:03 Nov 2016 16:59
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:10

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