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GRS 1739-278 Observed at Very Low Luminosity with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR

Fürst, F. and Tomsick, J. A. and Yamaoka, K. and Dauser, T. and Miller, J. M. and Clavel, M. and Corbel, S. and Fabian, A. C. and García, J. and Harrison, F. A. and Loh, A. and Kaaret, P. and Kalemci, E. and Migliari, S. and Miller-Jones, J. C. A. and Pottschmidt, K. and Rahoui, F. and Rodriguez, J. and Stern, D. and Stuhlinger, M. and Walton, D. J. and Wilms, J. (2016) GRS 1739-278 Observed at Very Low Luminosity with XMM-Newton and NuSTAR. Astrophysical Journal, 832 (2). Art. No. 115. ISSN 0004-637X. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/832/2/115.

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We present a detailed spectral analysis of XMM-Newton and NuSTAR observations of the accreting transient black hole GRS 1739−278 during a very faint low hard state at ~0.02% of the Eddington luminosity (for a distance of 8.5 kpc and a mass of 10 M⊙). The broadband X-ray spectrum between 0.5 and 60 keV can be well-described by a power-law continuum with an exponential cutoff. The continuum is unusually hard for such a low luminosity, with a photon index of Γ = 1.39 ± 0.04. We find evidence for an additional reflection component from an optically thick accretion disk at the 98% likelihood level. The reflection fraction is low, with R_(refl) = 0.043^(+0.033)_(-0.023). In combination with measurements of the spin and inclination parameters made with NuSTAR during a brighter hard state by Miller et al., we seek to constrain the accretion disk geometry. Depending on the assumed emissivity profile of the accretion disk, we find a truncation radius of 15–35 R_g(5–12 R_(ISCO)) at the 90% confidence limit. These values depend strongly on the assumptions and we discuss possible systematic uncertainties.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Fürst, F.0000-0003-0388-0560
Tomsick, J. A.0000-0001-5506-9855
Dauser, T.0000-0003-4583-9048
Clavel, M.0000-0003-0724-2742
Fabian, A. C.0000-0002-9378-4072
García, J.0000-0003-3828-2448
Harrison, F. A.0000-0003-2992-8024
Kaaret, P.0000-0002-3638-0637
Miller-Jones, J. C. A.0000-0003-3124-2814
Pottschmidt, K.0000-0002-4656-6881
Rahoui, F.0000-0001-7655-4120
Stern, D.0000-0003-2686-9241
Walton, D. J.0000-0001-5819-3552
Wilms, J.0000-0003-2065-5410
Additional Information:© 2016 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2016 August 2; revised 2016 September 20; accepted 2016 September 22; published 2016 November 22. We thank the referee for their helpful comments. We thank the schedulers and SOC of XMM-Newton and NuSTAR for making these observations possible. Based on observations obtained with XMM-Newton, an ESA science mission with instruments and contributions directly funded by ESA Member States and NASA. This work is based upon work supported by NASA under award No. NNX16AH17G. J.A.T. acknowledges partial support from NASA under Swift Guest Observer grants NNX15AB81G and NNX15AR52G. E.K. acknowledges support of TUBITAK Project No 115F488. S.C. and A.L. acknowledge funding support from the French Research National Agency: CHAOS project ANR-12-BS05-0009 and the UnivEarthS Labex program of Sorbonne Paris Cité (ANR-10-LABX-0023 and ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02). J.C.A.M.-J. is the recipient of an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (FT140101082). This work was supported under NASA contract No. NNG08FD60C, and made use of data from the NuSTAR mission, a project led by the California Institute of Technology, managed by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, and funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. We thank the NuSTAR Operations, Software and Calibration teams for support with the execution and analysis of these observations. This research has made use of the NuSTAR Data Analysis Software (NuSTARDAS) jointly developed by the ASI Science Data Center (ASDC, Italy) and the California Institute of Technology (USA). We would like to thank John E. Davis for the slxfig module, which was used to produce all figures in this work. This research has made use of MAXI data provided by RIKEN, JAXA and the MAXI team. The Swift/BAT transient monitor results were provided by the Swift/BAT team. This research has made use of a collection of ISIS functions (ISISscripts) provided by ECAP/Remeis observatory and MIT ( Facilities: NuSTAR - The NuSTAR (Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array) mission, XMM.
Group:NuSTAR, Space Radiation Laboratory
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Türkiye Bilimsel ve Teknolojik Araştırma Kurumu (TÜBİTAK)115F488
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-12-BS05-0009
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-10-LABX-0023
Agence Nationale pour la Recherche (ANR)ANR-11-IDEX-0005-02
Australian Research CouncilFT140101082
Subject Keywords:accretion, accretion disks – stars: black holes – X-rays: binaries – X-rays: individual (GRS 1739-278)
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161122-123106476
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:F. Fürst et al 2016 ApJ 832 115
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:72249
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:22 Nov 2016 22:18
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 04:58

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