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Commissioning and first light results of an L'-band vortex coronagraph with the Keck II adaptive optics NIRC2 science instrument

Femenía-Castellá, Bruno and Serabyn, Eugene and Mawet, Dimitri and Matthews, Keith and Bottom, Michael and Ngo, H. (2016) Commissioning and first light results of an L'-band vortex coronagraph with the Keck II adaptive optics NIRC2 science instrument. In: Adaptive Optics Systems V. Proceedings of SPIE. No.9909. Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) , Bellingham, WA, Art. No. 990922. ISBN 978-1-5106-0198-7.

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On March 2015 an L'-band vortex coronagraph based on an Annular Groove Phase Mask made up of a diamond sub-wavelength grating was installed on NIRC2 as a demonstration project. This vortex coronagraph operates in the L' band not only in order to take advantage from the favorable star/planet contrast ratio when observing beyond the K band, but also to exploit the fact that the Keck II Adaptive Optics (AO) system delivers nearly extreme adaptive optics image quality (Strehl ratios values near 90%) at 3.7μm. We describe the hardware installation of the vortex phase mask during a routine NIRC2 service mission. The success of the project depends on extensive software development which has allowed the achievement of exquisite real-time pointing control as well as further contrast improvements by using speckle nulling to mitigate the effect of static speckles. First light of the new coronagraphic mode was on June 2015 with already very good initial results. Subsequent commissioning nights were interlaced with science nights by members of the VORTEX team with their respective scientific programs. The new capability and excellent results so far have motivated the VORTEX team and the Keck Science Steering Committee (KSSC) to offer the new mode in shared risk mode for 2016B.

Item Type:Book Section
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Mawet, Dimitri0000-0002-8895-4735
Bottom, Michael0000-0003-1341-5531
Ngo, H.0000-0001-5172-4859
Additional Information:© 2016 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). The W. M. Keck Observatory is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. Part of this work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with NASA. The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (ERC Grant Agreement n. 337569), and from the French Community of Belgium through an ARC grant for Concerted Research Action. The authors wish to recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that the summit of Maunakea has always had within the indigenous Hawaiian community. We are most fortunate to have the opportunity to conduct observations from this mountain.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)337569
Communauté française de Belgique – Actions de recherche concertéesUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:W.M. Keck Observatory, NIRC2, high-contrast imaging, coronagraph, vortex phase mask
Series Name:Proceedings of SPIE
Issue or Number:9909
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161205-080725840
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Official Citation:Bruno Femenía Castellá ; Eugene Serabyn ; Dimitri Mawet ; Olivier Absil ; Peter Wizinowich ; Keith Matthews ; Elsa Huby ; Michael Bottom ; Randy Campbell ; Dwight Chan ; Brunella Carlomagno ; Sylvain Cetre ; Denis Defrère ; Christian Delacroix ; Carlos Gomez Gonzalez ; Aïssa Jolivet ; Mikael Karlsson ; Kyle Lanclos ; Scott Lilley ; Steven Milner ; Henry Ngo ; Maddalena Reggiani ; Julia Simmons ; Hien Tran ; Ernesto Vargas Catalan ; Olivier Wertz; Commissioning and first light results of an L'-band vortex coronagraph with the Keck II adaptive optics NIRC2 science instrument. Proc. SPIE 9909, Adaptive Optics Systems V, 990922 (July 26, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2233228.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:72545
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:07 Dec 2016 00:09
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 05:03

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