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Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies >10%

Goh, Tenghooi and Huang, Jing-Shun and Yager, Kevin G. and Sfeir, Matthew Y. and Nam, Chang-Yong and Tong, Xiao and Guard, Louise M. and Melvin, Patrick R. and Antonio, Francisco and Bartolome, Benjamin G. and Lee, Minjoo L. and Hazari, Nilay and Taylor, André D. (2016) Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies >10%. Advanced Energy Materials, 6 (21). Art. No. 1600660. ISSN 1614-6832.

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The incorporation of multiple donors into the bulk-heterojunction layer of organic polymer solar cells (PSCs) has been demonstrated as a practical and elegant strategy to improve photovoltaics performance. However, it is challenging to successfully design and blend multiple donors, while minimizing unfavorable interactions (e.g., morphological traps, recombination centers, etc.). Here, a new Förster resonance energy transfer-based design is shown utilizing the synergistic nature of three light active donors (two small molecules and a high-performance donor–acceptor polymer) with a fullerene acceptor to create highly efficient quaternary PSCs with power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of up to 10.7%. Within this quaternary architecture, it is revealed that the addition of small molecules in low concentrations broadens the absorption bandwidth, induces cocrystalline molecular conformations, and promotes rapid (picosecond) energy transfer processes. These results provide guidance for the design of multiple-donor systems using simple processing techniques to realize single-junction PSC designs with unprecedented PCEs.

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Huang, Jing-Shun0000-0002-7531-4691
Additional Information:© 2016 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Received: March 28, 2016; Revised: June 13, 2016; Published online: August 11, 2016. T.G. and J.-S.H. contributed equally to this work. The authors gratefully acknowledge the National Science Foundation (DMR-1410171), NSF-CAREER award (CBET-0954985), the Yale Climate and Energy Institute (YCEI), and the NASA (CT Space Grant Consortium) for partial support of this work. B.G.B. also acknowledges support from the Edward A. Bouchet-Robertson Fellowship. This research was carried out in part at the Center for Functional Nanomaterials (CFN), and the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS), Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE), Office of Basic Energy Sciences, under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH10886. The SEM and AFM used were supported by YINQE and NSF MRSEC DMR 1119826 (CRISP). The authors further thank Michelle Vaisman from Yale Electrical Engineering Department for assistance with EQE and steady state PL measurements, as well as Dr. Jaemin Kong for useful discussions. A.D.T and J.-S.H. initially conceptualized the project. J.-S.H. performed the preliminary device experiments and T.G. designed and performed the rest of experiments necessary for publication, while B.G.B. assisted in film preparation. J.-S.H., T.G., and M.Y.S. performed the ultrafast experiments and resulting data analysis. J.-S.H. and T.G. performed the AFM and EQE experiments. C.-Y.N. and T.G. examined device performance in BNL. T.G., F.A., and K.G.Y. conducted GIXS experiments. T.G. and X.T. ran XPS studies. J.-S.H. and T.G. recorded the TEM images and F.A. performed cross-section SEM. L.M.G., P.R.M., and N.H. contributed to the synthesis of the squaraine dyes, PT8 polymer, and guided in data analysis. The authors declare no competing financial interests.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Yale Climate and Energy Institute (YCEI)UNSPECIFIED
Connecticut Space Grant ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Edward A. Bouchet-Robertson FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-98CH10886
Yale Institute for Nanoscience and Quantum Engineering (YINQE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:morphology enhancement; organic crystallization; polymer solar cells; resonance energy transfer; squaraine dye
Issue or Number:21
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161208-143152838
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Official Citation:Goh T., Huang Jing-Shun, Yager K. G., Sfeir M. Y., Nam Chang-Yong, Tong X., Guard L. M., Melvin P. R., Antonio F., Bartolome B. G., Lee M. L., Hazari N., Taylor A. D. D. (2016). Quaternary Organic Solar Cells Enhanced by Cocrystalline Squaraines with Power Conversion Efficiencies >10%. Adv. Energy Mater., 6: 1600660. doi: 10.1002/aenm.201600660
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:72671
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Dec 2016 22:55
Last Modified:25 Feb 2020 19:29

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