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Branes and dynamical supersymmetry breaking

de Boer, Jan and Hori, Kentaro and Ooguri, Hirosi and Oz, Yaron (1998) Branes and dynamical supersymmetry breaking. Nuclear Physics B, 522 (1-2). pp. 20-68. ISSN 0550-3213.

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We study dynamical supersymmetry breaking in four dimensions using the fivebrane of M theory, in particular for the Izawa-Yanagida-Intriligator-Thomas (IYIT) model, which we realize as the worldvolume theory of a certain M theory fivebrane configuration. From the brane point of view, supersymmetry is broken when a holomorphic configuration with the proper boundary conditions does not exist. We discuss the difference between explicit and spontaneous supersymmetry breaking and between runaway behavior and having a stable vacuum. As a preparation for the study of the IYIT model, we examine a realization of the orientifold four-plane in M theory. We derive known as well as new results on the moduli spaces of N = 2 and N = 1 theories with symplectic gauge groups. These results are based on a hypothesis that a certain intersection of the fivebrane and the Z_2 fixed plane breaks supersymmetry. In the IYIT model, we show that the brane exhibits runaway behavior when the flavor group is gauged. On the other hand, if the flavor group is not gauged, we find that the brane does not run away. We suggest that a stable supersymmetry-breaking vacuum is realized in the region beyond the reach of the supergravity approximation.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Ooguri, Hirosi0000-0001-6021-3778
Additional Information:© 1998 Elsevier. Received 10 February 1998, Accepted 25 March 1998. We thank Hitoshi Murayama for many useful discussions. We furthermore would like to acknowledge discussions with Amit Giveon, David Kutasov, Joe Lykken, Al Shapere and Scott Thomas. We thank Savas Dimopoulos and Michael Peskin for remarks and questions that lead to an improvement of the paper. This work is supported in part by NSF grant PHY-951497 and DOE grant DE-AC03-76SF00098. JdB is a fellow of the Miller Institute for Basic Research in Science.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC03-76SF00098
Miller Institute for Basic Research in ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:M theory fivebrane; Supersymmetric gauge theories; Dynamical supersymmetry breaking
Issue or Number:1-2
Classification Code:PACS: 12.38.Aw; 11.30.Pb; .25.-w
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20161220-124550810
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Official Citation:Jan de Boer, Kentaro Hori, Hirosi Ooguri, Yaron Oz, Branes and dynamical supersymmetry breaking, Nuclear Physics B, Volume 522, Issues 1–2, 29 June 1998, Pages 20-68, ISSN 0550-3213, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:72988
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:20 Dec 2016 21:46
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:23

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