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Tails from the orphanage

Grillmair, Carl J. (2017) Tails from the orphanage. Astrophysical Journal, 834 (2). Art. No. 98. ISSN 0004-637X.

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Examining a portion of the northern Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) footprint, we detect at least three and possibly seven halo debris streams. One of these (PS1-D) was recently detected in the Pan-STARRS1 3π survey, and the remaining two are also evident as extensions of the SDSS detections. All of these streams are metal-poor and are found at a distance of around 21 ± 5 kpc. The streams are between 65° and 70° in length, oriented almost north–south, and are nearly parallel and somewhat convergent with the neighboring Orphan stream. Surface densities ranging from 1.5 to 0.5 stars per square degree down to g = 21.7 correspond to surface brightnesses between 35 and 37 mag per square arcsecond. The streams each appear to be more than 300 pc across, suggesting either dwarf/ultrafaint galaxy progenitors or long-term heating of very ancient globular cluster streams. The orbits of all but one of these streams appear to be nearly radial, and the orbit normals suggest that all of the streams are part of the Vast Polar Structure, a relatively narrow plane that contains most of the known satellite galaxies, globular clusters, and stellar streams.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Grillmair, Carl J.0000-0003-4072-169X
Additional Information:© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2016 November 4; revised 2016 November 18; accepted 2016 November 22; published 2017 January 5. We are grateful to Edouard Bernard for making available matched-filtered maps of the Pan-STARRS 3π survey. We are also grateful to an anonymous referee for several thoughtful suggestions that improved both the content and readability of the paper. Facilities: Sloan - Sloan Digital Sky Survey Telescope, PS1 - .
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Subject Keywords:Galaxy: halo; Galaxy: structure
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170105-132801172
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Official Citation:Carl J. Grillmair 2017 ApJ 834 98
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:73275
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:06 Jan 2017 00:11
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:26

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