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Environment-economy tradeoff for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei’s exports

Zhao, Hongyan and Zhang, Qiang and Huo, Hong and Lin, Jintai and Liu, Zhu and Wang, Haikun and Guan, Dabo and He, Kebin (2016) Environment-economy tradeoff for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei’s exports. Applied Energy, 184 . pp. 926-935. ISSN 0306-2619. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.04.038.

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The trade of goods among regions or nations associated with large environmental consequences. Yet balancing economic gains and environmental consequences induced by trade is still hindered by a lack of quantification of these two factors, especially for the environmental problems those are more locally oriented, such as the atmospheric pollution. Based on an environmental input–output analysis for 2010, we contrast economic gains (value added) against atmospheric pollutant emissions (sulfur dioxide (SO_2), nitric oxide (NO_x), primary fine particulate matter (PM_(2.5)) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC)) and the widely concerned CO2 emissions associated with international and interprovincial exports from Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei (BTH), the most polluted area in China. Our results show that exports contributed 55–62% of BTH’s production emissions and 54% of its total value added. BTH’s large exports of metals and metal products, nonmetal mineral products, chemical and transportation and warehousing, generated a larger share of pollutant emissions (36–46% of BTH’s total) than that of value added (17%) along the supply chain. Most of BTH’s embodied emissions in exports go to neighboring provinces and the developed east coastal regions in China, although the economic returns are comparatively low. Among BTH, industrial production in Beijing and Tianjin lead to more pollutant emission than value added in Hebei, due to reliance on pollution-intensive product imports from Hebei. Our results call for refocusing and restructuring of BTH’s industry and trade structures to balance the economic gains and environmental losses for each region.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Zhang, Qiang0000-0002-8376-131X
Liu, Zhu0000-0002-8968-7050
Additional Information:© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Received 30 January 2016, Revised 8 April 2016, Accepted 10 April 2016, Available online 19 April 2016.
Group:Resnick Sustainability Institute
Subject Keywords:BTH; Exports; Pollutant emissions; CO2; Value added
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170106-151334790
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Official Citation:Hongyan Zhao, Qiang Zhang, Hong Huo, Jintai Lin, Zhu Liu, Haikun Wang, Dabo Guan, Kebin He, Environment-economy tradeoff for Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei’s exports, Applied Energy, Volume 184, 15 December 2016, Pages 926-935, ISSN 0306-2619, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:73314
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:07 Jan 2017 00:30
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 05:14

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