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Preparation and Transport Properties of New Oxide Ion Conductors KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) by High Temperature and Pressure

Liu, Liping and Li, Guangshe and Xiang, Jun and Smith, R. L. and Inomata, H. (2003) Preparation and Transport Properties of New Oxide Ion Conductors KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) by High Temperature and Pressure. Chemistry of Materials, 15 (4). pp. 889-898. ISSN 0897-4756. doi:10.1021/cm020582e.

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A series of oxide ion conductors KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) (x = 0.05−0.30) were prepared at a temperature of 870 °C and a pressure of 4.0 GPa. All samples were thermodynamically stable at ambient pressure and crystallized in an orthorhombic perovskite structure. The lattice volume enlarged with increment of dopant level, which was associated with the ionic substitution, variation of the relative content of oxygen vacancy Vö, and defect associations {Mg_(Nb)‘ ‘‘Vö}, as well as an increase of disorder in Mg^(2+)/Nb^(5+) distribution at B-sites of perovskite lattice. At higher temperatures, KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) underwent phase transitions from orthorhombic to tetragonal, pseudocubic, and cubic in sequence, as confirmed by DTA and high-temperature Raman spectra. No thermal effects associated with the decomposition reactions were observed in KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) during the successive heating process up to 1000 °C. The high-temperature phase had a relatively high structural stability. Impedance spectra of KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) showed bulk and grain boundary conduction. The total conduction was determined to be predominately ionic, while the p-type electronic contribution was extremely small. KNb_(0.90)Mg_(0.10)O_(2.85) was found to provide a highly conductive phase with a conductivity of σ_(700°C) = 1.10 × 10^(-3) S·cm^(-1). Further, the ionic conductivity data for KNb_(1-x)Mg_xO_(3-δ) were separated into two linear ranges, corresponding to the pseudocubic and cubic phases, respectively. The variations of conductivity and activation energy for both pseudocubic and cubic phases can be explained in terms of the relative content of the oxygen vacancy and defect associations, delocalization of partial oxygen vacancies, and an order−disorder transition.

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Additional Information:© 2003 American Chemical Society. Received 17 May 2002. Published online 25 January 2003. Published in print 1 February 2003. This project is financially supported by a fund from NSFC (19804005) (L.L.). G.L. thanks Dr. S. M. Haile at Caltech for access to oxygen partial pressure impedance measurements.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Natural Science Foundation of China19804005
Issue or Number:4
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170201-101506751
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Official Citation:Preparation and Transport Properties of New Oxide Ion Conductors KNb1-xMgxO3-δ by High Temperature and Pressure Liping Li, Guangshe Li, Jun Xiang,, R. L. Smith Jr., and H. Inomata Chemistry of Materials 2003 15 (4), 889-898 DOI: 10.1021/cm020582e
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:73926
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:01 Feb 2017 19:21
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 05:23

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