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High Spatial Resolution Imaging of NGC 1068 in the Mid-Infrared

Bock, J. J. and Neugebauer, G. and Matthews, K. and Soifer, B. T. and Becklin, E. E. and Ressler, M. and Marsh, K. and Werner, M. W. and Egami, E. and Blandford, R. (2000) High Spatial Resolution Imaging of NGC 1068 in the Mid-Infrared. Astronomical Journal, 120 (6). pp. 2904-2919. ISSN 0004-6256. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170208-103123393

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Abstract

Mid-infrared observations of the central source of NGC 1068 have been obtained with a spatial resolution in the deconvolved image of 0.”1 (~7 pc). The central source is extended by ~1'' in the north-south direction but appears unresolved in the east-west direction over most of its length. About 2/3 of its flux can be ascribed to a core structure that is itself elongated north-south and does not show a distinct unresolved compact source. The source is strongly asymmetric, extending significantly farther to the north than to the south. The morphology of the mid-infrared emission appears similar to that of the radio jet and has features which correlate with the images in [O III]. Its 12.5–24.5 μm color temperature ranges from 215 to 260 K and does not decrease smoothly with distance from the core. Silicate absorption is strongest in the core and to the south and is small in the north. The core, apparently containing 2/3 of the bolometric luminosity of the inner 4'' diameter area, may be explained by a thick, dusty torus near the central active galactic nucleus (AGN) viewed at an angle of ~65° to its plane. There are, however, detailed difficulties with existing models, especially the narrow east-west width of the thin extended mid-infrared "tongue" to the north of the core. We interpret the tongue as reprocessed visual and ultraviolet radiation that is strongly beamed and that originates in the AGN.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1086/316871DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0009078arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Bock, J. J.0000-0002-5710-5212
Blandford, R.0000-0002-1854-5506
Additional Information:© 2000 American Astronomical Society. Received 2000 July 21; accepted 2000 September 6. We thank the staff of the Keck Observatory, especially Bob Goodrich, for their assistance in making these observations possible. We also thank Pat Shopbell for discussions about the X-ray observations of NGC 1068 and Lee Armus, Bob Goodrich, Nick Scoville, Kris Sellgren, and Dave Thompson for discussions about various aspects of the interpretation. We thank Ski Antonnucci and Makoto Kisimoto for their helpful comments as referees. The W. M. Keck Observatory is operated as a scientific partnership between the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. It was made possible by the generous financial support of the W. M. Keck Foundation. B. T. S., G. N., K. M., and E. E. are supported by grants from the NSF and NASA. B. T. S. is supported by the SIRTF Science Center at Caltech. SIRTF is carried out at J.P.L., operated by Caltech under an agreement with NASA. This work was carried out in part (J. J. B., M. W. W., and M. E. R.) at J.P.L. The development of MIRLIN was supported by NASA's Office of Space Science.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), TAPIR
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
W. M. Keck FoundationUNSPECIFIED
NSFUNSPECIFIED
NASA/JPL/CaltechUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:galaxies : individual (NGC 1068) È infrared radiation
Issue or Number:6
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170208-103123393
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170208-103123393
Official Citation:J. J. Bock et al 2000 AJ 120 2904
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:74154
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Feb 2017 20:12
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:35

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