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Abnormal Use of Facial Information in High-Functioning Autism

Spezio, Michael L. and Adolphs, Ralph and Hurley, Robert S. E. and Piven, Joseph (2007) Abnormal Use of Facial Information in High-Functioning Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (5). pp. 929-939. ISSN 0162-3257. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0232-9.

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Altered visual exploration of faces likely contributes to social cognition deficits seen in autism. To investigate the relationship between face gaze and social cognition in autism, we measured both face gaze and how facial regions were actually used during emotion judgments from faces. Compared to IQ-matched healthy controls, nine high-functioning adults with autism failed to make use of information from the eye region of faces, instead relying primarily on information from the mouth. Face gaze accounted for the increased reliance on the mouth, and partially accounted for the deficit in using information from the eyes. These findings provide a novel quantitative assessment of how people with autism utilize information in faces when making social judgments.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription ReadCube access
Adolphs, Ralph0000-0002-8053-9692
Additional Information:© 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Published online: 28 September 2006. The authors would like to thank the participants and their families for making this study possible, Dr Frédéric Gosselin for helpful advice in using the “Bubbles” method, and Dr Fulvia Castelli and anonymous reviewers for helpful comments. We gratefully acknowledge the support of NIMH STAART Center funding and a grant from the Cure Autism Now Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)UNSPECIFIED
Cure Autism Now FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Social cognition; Emotion; Eyetracking; Bubbles; Facial information
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170208-130649150
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Official Citation:Spezio, M.L., Adolphs, R., Hurley, R.S.E. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2007) 37: 929. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0232-9
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:74160
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Feb 2017 21:35
Last Modified:11 Nov 2021 05:25

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