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Topography of the polar layered deposits of Mars

Dzurisin, Daniel and Blasius, Karl R. (1975) Topography of the polar layered deposits of Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, 80 (23). pp. 3286-3306. ISSN 0148-0227.

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Synthesis of polar topographic data derived from the Mariner 9 radio occultation, ultraviolet spectrometer, and television imaging experiments provides new information on the behavior of polar volatiles and the topographic configuration of the martian polar layered deposits. Gentle slopes in the vicinity of the south pole may serve to shift the point of minimum annual solar insolation from the pole to a site within the perimeter of the offset residual frost cap. Localized defrosting which gives rise to the dark-banded appearance of both residual caps correlates with a series of outward-facing slopes descending from central topographic highs. Stability of the volatile involved apparently is largely insolation controlled. The south polar residual cap lies entirely higher (at lower pressure) than the northern cap, implying that the south residual cap is an unlikely site for any permanent surface deposit of solid carbon dioxide. Photogrammetric models of both residual caps reveal a series of regularly spaced topographic undulations descending from central topographic highs within the underlying layered deposits. Scarplike to troughlike in cross section, these features slope 1°–5° and are 100–1000 m in local relief. The south polar layered deposits lie almost entirely at higher elevations than those in the north. Total thickness of the deposits is inferred to be 1–2 km in the south and 4–6 km in the north.

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Additional Information:© 1975 American Geophysical Union. Received December 12, 1974; revised March 24, 1975; accepted March 31, 1975. We wish to acknowledge the contributions made by Bruce C. Murray and Michael C. Malin during many hours of animated discussion. We also thank Clark R. Chapman, James A. Cutts, Charles W. Hord, Andrew P. Ingersoll, Carl Sagan, and Robert P. Sharp for their careful reviews of the manuscript. The generosity displayed by Hord and Pang in consenting to our presentation of their preliminary results is especially noteworthy. Special thanks are also due to Jurrie J. van der Woude for his patience and skill in the preparation of illustrations and to the personnel of the Image Processing Lab of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory for their expert assistance in the computer enhancement of images used in the paper. This work represents one phase of research being conducted at the Space Photography Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology under NASA grant NGR 05-002-305. Contribution 2410, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
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NASANGR 05-002-305
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Caltech Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences2410
Issue or Number:23
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Official Citation:Dzurisin, D., and K. R. Blasius (1975), Topography of the polar layered deposits of Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 80(23), 3286–3306, doi:10.1029/JB080i023p03286
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:75107
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:16 Mar 2017 17:47
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 16:46

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