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Lem2p (LEM2) and Cmp7p (CHMP7) function in ESCRT-dependent nuclear envelope remodeling in fission yeast

Gu, M. and Chen, O. S. and Ladinsky, M. S. and Bjorkman, P. J. and Sundquist, W. I. and Frost, A. (2016) Lem2p (LEM2) and Cmp7p (CHMP7) function in ESCRT-dependent nuclear envelope remodeling in fission yeast. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 27 . Art. No. P498. ISSN 1059-1524.

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ESCRT‐III proteins have been implicated in sealing the nuclear envelope in mammals, both during nuclear assembly and following mechanical disruption. This sealing process requires the ESCRT‐II/ESCRT‐ III hybrid protein CHMP7 and the AAA ATPase VPS4. It remains unclear, however, how CHMP7 is recruited to breaches of the nuclear envelope. The fission yeast S. pombe is an attractive genetic model system for investigating this role of the ESCRT pathway because, in fission yeast, the nuclear envelope develops fenestrations that must be closed twice per cell cycle: upon mitotic entry when duplicated spindle pole bodies (SPB) are incorporated into the nuclear envelope and after a successful cell cycle when the SPBs are ejected back to cytoplasm. Here we report that deletion of fission yeast vps4 leads to severe defects in nuclear morphology and integrity, which causes delayed segregation of duplicated SPBs, asymmetric nuclear bipartition in mitosis, and slow growth. Interestingly, these phenotypes are spontaneously suppressed by loss‐of‐function mutations that arise in cmp7 (pombe CHMP7) or lem2, a member of the LEM (Lap2‐Emerin‐Man1) family of inner nuclear membrane proteins—implying that all three function in the same pathway. Based on these observations, we hypothesize that Lem2p acts as a nuclear site‐specific adaptor to recruit Cmp7p to the nuclear envelope.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription Website
Ladinsky, M. S.0000-0002-1036-3513
Bjorkman, P. J.0000-0002-2277-3990
Additional Information:© 2016 American Society for Cell Biology.
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170331-133357916
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:75595
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:01 Apr 2017 04:52
Last Modified:23 Dec 2020 20:32

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