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Direct numerical simulation of a high-pressure turbulent reacting temporal mixing layer

Bellan, Josette (2017) Direct numerical simulation of a high-pressure turbulent reacting temporal mixing layer. Combustion and Flame, 176 . pp. 245-262. ISSN 0010-2180. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2016.09.026.

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Direct Numerical Simulation realizations were created of a temporal mixing layer in which combustion occurs under high-pressure (high-p) turbulent conditions. The model combines the formulation of Masi, et al. (2013) for describing multi-species mixing under high-p conditions and a single-step chemical reaction of rate consistent with ignition prediction (Borghesi, and Bellan, 2015). In each simulation the computations are pursued past a time at which a maximum average-volumetric p is attained; most analysis is performed at this time, t^*_(pp). The ensemble of realizations explores the effect of the initial Reynolds number, Re_0, of the initial pressure, p_0, and of the initial composition of the two mixing-layer streams. The results show that the thermodynamic energy added by the reaction at the small scales is partially dissipated and partially backscattered. The formation of turbulent small scales is initiated by the morphological changes in the flow through stretching and twisting rather than vice versa. The reaction establishes primarily in the oxidizer stream and is preponderantly of diffusion type. Overwhelmingly, the higher reaction rates occur in the diffusion flame, particularly in regions of high density-gradient magnitude. At higher p_0 the reaction rate reaches higher values and occurs in regions of higher density gradients. The range of reaction rates is independent of the Re_0 value but the magnitude of the density gradients increases with Re_0. When H_2O and CO_2 are initially present, uphill diffusion dominates over regular diffusion and occurs in regions of smaller density-gradient magnitude whereas regular diffusion occurs in regions of larger density-gradient magnitude where the reaction is more vigorous. H_2O is more prone than CO_2 to regular diffusion in the larger density-gradient magnitude regions. When H_2O and CO_2 only form in the flame, both H_2O and CO_2 are subject to regular diffusion over the entire range of density-gradient values. The dissipation probability density function is a log normal distribution at large dissipation values.

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URLURL TypeDescription
Bellan, Josette0000-0001-9218-7017
Additional Information:© 2016 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. Received 5 July 2016, Revised 16 August 2016, Accepted 26 September 2016, Available online 12 November 2016. This work was conducted at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) of the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) 02-GR-ER16107-14-00, Basic Energy Sciences (BES) under the direction of Drs. Wade Sisk and Mark Pendersen. The contributions of Dr. Giulio Borghesi and Dr. Kenneth G. Harstad are acknowledged. The computational resources were provided by the NASA Advanced Supercomputing at Ames Research Center under the Aeronautics Research Mission Directorate program (Drs. Jeff Moder and Michael Rogers) and by National Energy Research Supercomputing Center of the Department of Energy.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)02-GR-ER16107-14-00
Subject Keywords:High-pressure combustion; Uphill diffusion during high-pressure combustion; Flame index at high pressure; Direct numerical simulation
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170407-132631621
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Official Citation:Josette Bellan, Direct numerical simulation of a high-pressure turbulent reacting temporal mixing layer, Combustion and Flame, Volume 176, February 2017, Pages 245-262, ISSN 0010-2180, (
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:75853
Deposited By: George Porter
Deposited On:07 Apr 2017 20:52
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 16:55

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