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Porous Nanomaterials for Ultrabroadband Omnidirectional Anti-Reflection Surfaces with Applications in High Concentration Photovoltaics

Yao, Yuan and Lee, Kyu-Tae and Sheng, Xing and Batara, Nicolas A. and Hong, Nina and He, Junwen and Xu, Lu and Hussain, Muhammad M. and Atwater, Harry A. and Lewis, Nathan S. and Nuzzo, Ralph G. and Rogers, John A. (2017) Porous Nanomaterials for Ultrabroadband Omnidirectional Anti-Reflection Surfaces with Applications in High Concentration Photovoltaics. Advanced Energy Materials, 7 (7). Art. No. 1601992. ISSN 1614-6832. doi:10.1002/aenm.201601992.

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Materials for nanoporous coatings that exploit optimized chemistries and self-assembly processes offer capabilities to reach ≈98% transmission efficiency and negligible scattering losses over the broad wavelength range of the solar spectrum from 350 nm to 1.5 µm, on both flat and curved glass substrates. These nanomaterial anti-reflection coatings also offer wide acceptance angles, up to ±40°, for both s- and p-polarization states of incident light. Carefully controlled bilayer films have allowed for the fabrication of dual-sided, gradient index profiles on plano-convex lens elements. In concentration photovoltaics platforms, the resultant enhancements in the photovoltaics efficiencies are ≈8%, as defined by experimental measurements on systems that use microscale triple-junction solar cells. These materials and their applications in technologies that require control over interface reflections have the potential for broad utility in imaging systems, photolithography, light-emitting diodes, and display technologies.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Xu, Lu0000-0002-0021-9876
Atwater, Harry A.0000-0001-9435-0201
Lewis, Nathan S.0000-0001-5245-0538
Nuzzo, Ralph G.0000-0003-2310-2045
Rogers, John A.0000-0002-3830-5980
Additional Information:© 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. Issue online: 5 April 2017. Version of record online: 6 December 2016. Manuscript Revised: 14 October 2016. Manuscript Received: 7 September 2016. Y.Y. and K.-T.L. contributed equally to this work. This work was supported by the “Light-Material Interactions in Energy Conversion” Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001293. X.S. acknowledges the support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project 51602172). M.M.H. acknowledges the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Technology Transfer Office under Award No. GEN-01-4014. The authors thank B. Henderson (Sensofar), K. Walsh (UIUC), and J. C. Mabon (UIUC) for their assistance with materials characterization.
Group:Kavli Nanoscience Institute, JCAP
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-SC0001293
National Natural Science Foundation of China51602172
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)GEN-01-4014
Issue or Number:7
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170410-080135691
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Y. Yao, K.-T. Lee, X. Sheng, N. A. Batara, N. Hong, J. He, L. Xu, M. M. Hussain, H. A. Atwater, N. S. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, J. A. Rogers, Adv. Energy Mater. 2017, 7, 1601992.
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:76465
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:10 Apr 2017 15:52
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:00

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