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On the Hygroscopic Behavior of Atmospheric Organic Aerosols

Hemming, Brooke L. and Seinfeld, John H. (2001) On the Hygroscopic Behavior of Atmospheric Organic Aerosols. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 40 (20). pp. 4162-4171. ISSN 0888-5885. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170419-131851671

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Abstract

The vapor−liquid equilibrium of organic species and water determines the partitioning of volatile organic species between the gas and aerosol phases in the atmosphere. Essential properties that govern this partitioning are the compounds' vapor pressures and the liquid-phase activity coefficients of the organic species. Key issues include (1) the amount of water absorbed by organic particles, both single-component and multicomponent, as a function of relative humidity and (2) how organic and water partitioning is altered as the relative humidity changes, for a fixed total (gas plus particle) quantity of each organic component. We present here calculations relating to each of these issues for organic molecules that are characteristic of those that have been identified in ambient aerosols. Uncertainties exist in knowledge of vapor pressures of atmospheric organics and in activity coefficients, which are calculated by the UNIFAC method. These uncertainties, the level of which is difficult to estimate because of a lack of appropriate thermodynamic data, can lead to significant uncertainty in predicted gas−aerosol partitioning. Current theories for estimating both vapor pressures and activity coefficients are likely to be improved eventually, but the methods discussed here will probably remain the procedures of choice for the immediate future.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie000790lDOIArticle
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie000790lPublisherArticle
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Seinfeld, John H.0000-0003-1344-4068
Additional Information:© 2001 American Chemical Society. Publication Date (Web): April 7, 2001. We thank Mark Bartelt and the Hewlett-Packard V-Class Systems support staff at the Caltech Center for Advanced Computing Research for the use of their systems and the Numerical Algorithms Group software package. We also thank Simon L. Clegg and Samuel H. Yalkowsky for useful discussions and suggestions. Funding for this work was provided by the Electric Power Research Institute.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI)UNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:20
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170419-131851671
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170419-131851671
Official Citation:On the Hygroscopic Behavior of Atmospheric Organic Aerosols Brooke L. Hemming and John H. Seinfeld Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2001 40 (20), 4162-4171 DOI: 10.1021/ie000790l
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:76702
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Apr 2017 23:01
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 17:49

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