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HAT-P-26b: A Neptune-mass exoplanet with a well-constrained heavy element abundance

Wakeford, Hannah R. and Sing, David K. and Kataria, Tiffany and Deming, Drake and Nikolov, Nikolay and Lopez, Eric D. and Tremblin, Pascal and Amundsen, David S. and Lewis, Nikole K. and Mandell, Avi M. and Fortney, Jonathan J. and Knutson, Heather and Benneke, Björn and Evans, Thomas M. (2017) HAT-P-26b: A Neptune-mass exoplanet with a well-constrained heavy element abundance. Science, 356 (6338). pp. 628-631. ISSN 0036-8075. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170512-094224055

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Abstract

A correlation between giant-planet mass and atmospheric heavy elemental abundance was first noted in the past century from observations of planets in our own Solar System and has served as a cornerstone of planet-formation theory. Using data from the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes from 0.5 to 5 micrometers, we conducted a detailed atmospheric study of the transiting Neptune-mass exoplanet HAT-P-26b. We detected prominent H_2O absorption bands with a maximum base-to-peak amplitude of 525 parts per million in the transmission spectrum. Using the water abundance as a proxy for metallicity, we measured HAT-P-26b’s atmospheric heavy element content (4.8^(+21.5)_(-4.0) times solar). This likely indicates that HAT-P-26b’s atmosphere is primordial and obtained its gaseous envelope late in its disk lifetime, with little contamination from metal-rich planetesimals.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aah4668DOIArticle
http://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6338/628PublisherArticle
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/356/6338/628/suppl/DC1PublisherSupplemental Materials
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Wakeford, Hannah R.0000-0003-4328-3867
Sing, David K.0000-0001-6050-7645
Kataria, Tiffany0000-0003-3759-9080
Deming, Drake0000-0001-5727-4094
Nikolov, Nikolay0000-0002-6500-3574
Tremblin, Pascal0000-0001-6172-3403
Lewis, Nikole K.0000-0002-8507-1304
Mandell, Avi M.0000-0002-8119-3355
Fortney, Jonathan J.0000-0002-9843-4354
Knutson, Heather0000-0002-0822-3095
Benneke, Björn0000-0001-5578-1498
Evans, Thomas M.0000-0001-5442-1300
Additional Information:© 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 30 June 2016; accepted 20 April 2017. This work is based on observations made with the NASA/European Space Agency (ESA) Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI), which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy under NASA contract NAS 5-26555. The HST and Spitzer data are available at http://mast.stsci.edu under project numbers GO-14110 (PI:Sing) and GO-14260 (PI:Deming) and at http://sha.ipac.caltech.edu under project number 90092 (P.I. Jean- Michel Désert). The combined transmission spectrum is available in Table 1. Support for this work was provided by NASA through grants under the HST-GO-14260 program from the STSci. H.R.W. acknowledges support from the NASA Postdoctoral Program, administered by Universities Space Research Association through a contract with NASA. Several authors acknowledge funding from the European Research Council under the European Union Seventh Framework Program: D.K.S., T.K., N.N., and T.M.E. under grant 336792; E.D.L. under grant 313014; and P.T. and D.S.A. under grant 247060-PEPS. The authors thank J. Goyal and B. Drummond for their contributions to the ATMO model framework. The authors thank the anonymous reviewers for their contribution to this paper, including the statistical reviewer who provided an interesting expansion and discussion.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NASANAS 5-26555
NASAHST-GO-14260
NASA Postdoctoral ProgramUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)336792
European Research Council (ERC)313014 (ETAEARTH)
European Research Council (ERC)247060
Issue or Number:6338
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170512-094224055
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20170512-094224055
Official Citation:HAT-P-26b: A Neptune-mass exoplanet with a well-constrained heavy element abundance BY HANNAH R. WAKEFORD, DAVID K. SING, TIFFANY KATARIA, DRAKE DEMING, NIKOLAY NIKOLOV, ERIC D. LOPEZ, PASCAL TREMBLIN, DAVID S. AMUNDSEN, NIKOLE K. LEWIS, AVI M. MANDELL, JONATHAN J. FORTNEY, HEATHER KNUTSON, BJÖRN BENNEKE, THOMAS M. EVANS SCIENCE 12 MAY 2017 : 628-631
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:77397
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 May 2017 22:29
Last Modified:11 Oct 2019 23:20

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