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Electric field stabilization of viscous liquid layers coating the underside of a surface

Anderson, Thomas G. and Cimpeanu, Radu and Papageorgiou, Demetrios T. and Petropoulos, Peter G. (2017) Electric field stabilization of viscous liquid layers coating the underside of a surface. Physical Review Fluids, 2 (5). Art. No. 054001. ISSN 2469-990X. doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.054001.

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We investigate the electrostatic stabilization of a viscous thin film wetting the underside of a horizontal surface in the presence of an electric field applied parallel to the surface. The model includes the effect of bounding solid dielectric regions above and below the liquid-air system that are typically found in experiments. The competition between gravitational forces, surface tension, and the nonlocal effect of the applied electric field is captured analytically in the form of a nonlinear evolution equation. A semispectral solution strategy is employed to resolve the dynamics of the resulting partial differential equation. Furthermore, we conduct direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the Navier-Stokes equations using the volume-of-fluid methodology and assess the accuracy of the obtained solutions in the long-wave (thin-film) regime when varying the electric field strength from zero up to the point when complete stabilization occurs. We employ DNS to examine the limitations of the asymptotically derived behavior as the liquid layer thickness increases and find excellent agreement even beyond the regime of strict applicability of the asymptotic solution. Finally, the asymptotic and computational approaches are utilized to identify robust and efficient active control mechanisms allowing the manipulation of the fluid interface in light of engineering applications at small scales, such as mixing.

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Additional Information:© 2017 American Physical Society. Received 9 January 2017; published 11 May 2017. The work of R.C. and D.T.P. was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council under Grants No. EP/K041134/1 and No. EP/L020564/1.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/K041134/1
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/L020564/1
Issue or Number:5
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170512-101407096
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:77402
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:12 May 2017 18:54
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:30

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