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Quantitative Real-Time Measurements of DNA Hybridization with Alkylated Nonoxidized Silicon Nanowires in Electrolyte Solution

Bunimovich, Yuri L. and Shin, Young Shik and Yeo, Woon-Seok and Amori, Michael and Kwong, Gabriel and Heath, James R. (2006) Quantitative Real-Time Measurements of DNA Hybridization with Alkylated Nonoxidized Silicon Nanowires in Electrolyte Solution. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128 (50). pp. 16323-16331. ISSN 0002-7863. PMCID PMC3695614.

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The quantitative, real-time detection of single-stranded oligonucleotides with silicon nanowires (SiNWs) in physiologically relevant electrolyte solution is demonstrated. Debye screening of the hybridization event is circumvented by utilizing electrostatically adsorbed primary DNA on an amine-terminated NW surface. Two surface functionalization chemistries are compared:  an amine-terminated siloxane monolayer on the native SiO2 surface of the SiNW, and an amine-terminated alkyl monolayer grown directly on a hydrogen-terminated SiNW surface. The SiNWs without the native oxide exhibit improved solution-gated field-effect transistor characteristics and a significantly enhanced sensitivity to single-stranded DNA detection, with an accompanying 2 orders of magnitude improvement in the dynamic range of sensing. A model for the detection of analyte by SiNW sensors is developed and utilized to extract DNA-binding kinetic parameters. Those values are directly compared with values obtained by the standard method of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and demonstrated to be similar. The nanowires, however, are characterized by higher detection sensitivity. The implication is that SiNWs can be utilized to quantitate the solution-phase concentration of biomolecules at low concentrations. This work also demonstrates the importance of surface chemistry for optimizing biomolecular sensing with silicon nanowires.

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URLURL TypeDescription Information CentralArticle
Heath, James R.0000-0001-5356-4385
Alternate Title:Quantitative Real-Time Measurements of DNA Hybridization with Alkylated Non-Oxidized Silicon Nanowires in Electrolyte Solution
Additional Information:© 2006 American Chemical Society. Received 15 August 2006. Published online 1 December 2006. Published in print 1 December 2006. The XPS measurements were carried out at the Molecular Materials Research Center of the Beckman Institute at Caltech. We thank Professor Björkman for assistance with the SPR measurements. This work was funded by the National Cancer Institute No. 5U54 CA119347 (J.R.H., P.I.) and through a subcontract from the MITRE Corporation. Y.S.S. acknowledges the Samsung Foundation for a graduate fellowship.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
NIH5U54 CA119347
Samsung FoundationUNSPECIFIED
National Cancer InstituteUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:50
PubMed Central ID:PMC3695614
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170512-171548636
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Official Citation:Quantitative Real-Time Measurements of DNA Hybridization with Alkylated Nonoxidized Silicon Nanowires in Electrolyte Solution. Yuri L. Bunimovich, Young Shik Shin, Woon-Seok Yeo, Michael Amori, Gabriel Kwong, and James R. Heath. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2006 128 (50), 16323-16331. DOI: 10.1021/ja065923u
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:77437
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:16 May 2017 19:43
Last Modified:23 Dec 2019 16:43

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