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High Efficiency UV/Optical/NIR Detectors for Large Aperture Telescopes and UV Explorer Missions: Development of and Field Observations with Delta-doped Arrays

Nikzad, Shouleh and Jewell, April D. and Hoenk, Michael E. and Jones, Todd J. and Hennessy, John and Goodsall, Tim and Carver, Alexander G. and Shapiro, Charles and Cheng, Samuel R. and Hamden, Erika T. and Kyne, Gillian and Martin, D. Christopher and Schiminovich, David and Scowen, Paul and France, Kevin and McCandliss, Stephan and Lupu, Roxana E. (2017) High Efficiency UV/Optical/NIR Detectors for Large Aperture Telescopes and UV Explorer Missions: Development of and Field Observations with Delta-doped Arrays. Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems, 3 (3). Art. No. 036002. ISSN 2329-4124. doi:10.1117/1.JATIS.3.3.036002.

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Exciting concepts are under development for flagship, probe class, explorer class, and suborbital class NASA missions in the ultraviolet/optical spectral range. These missions will depend on high-performance silicon detector arrays being delivered affordably and in high numbers. To that end, we have advanced delta-doping technology to high-throughput and high-yield wafer-scale processing, encompassing a multitude of state-of-the-art silicon-based detector formats and designs. We have embarked on a number of field observations, instrument integrations, and independent evaluations of delta-doped arrays. We present recent data and innovations from JPL’s Advanced Detectors and Systems Program, including two-dimensional doping technology, JPL’s end-to-end postfabrication processing of high-performance UV/optical/NIR arrays and advanced coatings for detectors. While this paper is primarily intended to provide an overview of past work, developments are identified and discussed throughout. Additionally, we present examples of past, in-progress, and planned observations and deployments of delta-doped arrays.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Jewell, April D.0000-0001-8834-3769
Martin, D. Christopher0000-0002-8650-1644
France, Kevin0000-0002-1002-3674
Additional Information:© 2017 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Paper 16061 received Jan. 9, 2017; accepted for publication Jul. 25, 2017; published online Sep. 1, 2017. The research was carried out in part at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from NASA-SAT, NASA-APRA, JPL’ RTD program, the Keck Institute for Space Studies, and many years of other support from NASA and JPL and other agencies. E.T.K. acknowledges the support by Nancy Grace Roman Fellowship, the Millikan Prize in Experimental Physics, and the NSF Fellowship. The authors would like to acknowledge generous and excellent collaborative support from e2v including A. Reinheimer, P. Jerram, P. Pool, P. Jorden, and P. Fochi on the 2D-doped EMCCDs. The authors gratefully acknowledge the collaborative work with LBNL. S. Holland, C. Bebek, N. Roe, and their team that has led to the demonstration and development of 2D-doped, p-channel CCDs; as well as Bruno Milliard and Robert Grange of LAM for the FIREBall-2 spectrograph data. We acknowledge M. McClish of RMD for APD QE data and wafer processing. We also thank S. R. Kulkarni, R. Smith, and J. Milburn of Caltech Optical Observatories and Palomar Observatory for WaSP delta-doped array first-light images; as well as R. Goldstein and team for the MICA-LEES flight.
Group:Space Astrophysics Laboratory, Keck Institute for Space Studies
Funding AgencyGrant Number
JPL Research and Technology Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS)UNSPECIFIED
Nancy Grace Roman FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Millikan Prize in Experimental PhysicsUNSPECIFIED
NSF Graduate Research FellowshipUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:detectors; delta doping; superlattice doping; UV; two-dimensional doping; atomic layer deposition; coatings; deployment; quantum efficiency; solar-blind silicon; silicon
Issue or Number:3
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20170601-085352803
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Official Citation:Shouleh Nikzad, April D. Jewell, Michael E. Hoenk, Todd J. Jones, John Hennessy, Tim M. Goodsall, Alexander G. Carver, Charles Shapiro, Samuel R. Cheng, Erika T. Hamden, Gillian Kyne, D. Christopher Martin, David Schiminovich, Paul Scowen, Kevin France, Stephan McCandliss, Roxana E. Lupu, "High-efficiency UV/optical/NIR detectors for large aperture telescopes and UV explorer missions: development of and field observations with delta-doped arrays," J. Ast. Inst. Sys. 3(3) 036002 (1 September 2017)
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:77885
Deposited By: Ruth Sustaita
Deposited On:01 Jun 2017 20:58
Last Modified:15 Nov 2021 17:34

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